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Using the mitochondrial potential (ΔΨm) marker JC-1 (5,5′,6,6′-tetrachloro-1,1′,3,3′-tetraethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide) and high-resolution imaging, we functionally analyzed mitochondria in cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes. Ratiometric detection of JC-1 fluorescence identified mitochondria with high and low ΔΨm. Mitochondrial density was(More)
OBJECTIVES The concentration and relaxivities of contrast agents affect quantitative and qualitative image quality in contrast-enhanced time-resolved 4-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography (4D-MRA). Gadobutrol has a high relaxivity and is the only gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agent approved for clinical use at a 1 M concentration. This promises to(More)
Fusobacterium nucleatum is a strict anaerobic microorganism that causes disease entities such as periodontal and soft tissue abscesses, pulmonary and intraabdominal infections and very rarely intracerebral infections. Here, we report the rare case of a previously healthy 25-year-old German man with a cerebellar abscess caused by Fusobacterium nucleatum that(More)
UNLABELLED Alcohol addiction is the most common drug addiction. Alcohol passes both the placenta as well as the blood-brain barrier and is in multiple ways neurotoxic. Liver diseases and other systemic alcohol-related diseases cause secondary damage to the CNS. Especially in adolescents, even a single episode of severe alcohol intoxication ("binge(More)
Primary cardiac lymphomas (PCL) are extremely rare, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a highly aggressive subtype. We report a case that was initially diagnosed as chronic right heart dysfunction. Detailed investigations revealed a large lobulated tumour occluding the right atrium, infiltrating the inter-atrial septum, the roof of the left atrium, and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of the choice of the curve-fitting model on the perfusion fraction (fIVIM ) with regard to tissue type characterization, correlation with microvascular anatomy, and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) parameters. Several curve-fitting models coexist in intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI to(More)
Vascular closure devices are used to provide quick hemostasis and early ambulation after percutaneous interventions. The Angio-Seal (AS) vascular closure device forms a mechanical seal by closing the puncture site located between a bioabsorbable anchor within the lumen and a collagen sponge on the adventitia. Although morbidities associated with AS are(More)
Spinal ependymomas are rare tumours, with total resection favoured where possible. Several case series assessing the outcome following neurosurgical treatment for spinal ependymoma advocate the usage of adjuvant radiotherapy in cases of subtotal resection, or in unencapsulated tumours. We assessed the outcome of 61 consecutive cases of spinal ependymoma in(More)
Die Chondropathia patellae bedarf in der Regel keiner arthroskopischen Abklärung. Daß Ausnahmen gelten müssen, soll nachfolgende Kasuistik belegen. Ein 12jähriger Junge klagte nach einem Fußballspiel über Schmerzen an der proximalen/lateralen Patellafacette. Die Beschwerden wurden zunächst als „Wachstumsschmerzen“ eingestuft. Aufgrund der schmerzbedingten(More)
Current biopsy planning based on contrast-enhanced T1W (CET1W) or FLAIR sequences frequently delivers biopsy samples that are not in concordance with the gross tumor diagnosis. This study investigates whether the quantitative information of transfer constant Ktrans maps derived from T1W dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) can help enhance the quality of(More)