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Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems do not work for all users. This article introduces a novel combination of tasks that could inspire BCI systems that are more accurate than conventional BCIs, especially for users who cannot attain accuracy adequate for effective communication. Subjects performed tasks typically used in two BCI approaches, namely(More)
BACKGROUND The bilateral loss of the grasp function associated with a lesion of the cervical spinal cord severely limits the affected individuals' ability to live independently and return to gainful employment after sustaining a spinal cord injury (SCI). Any improvement in lost or limited grasp function is highly desirable. With current neuroprostheses,(More)
Lack of a clear analytical metric for identifying artifact free, clean electroencephalographic (EEG) signals inhibits robust comparison of different artifact removal methods and lowers confidence in the results of EEG analysis. An algorithm is presented for identifying clean EEG epochs by thresholding statistical properties of the EEG. Thresholds are(More)
We investigated the value of the ankle-brachial systolic pressure index (ABPI) as a test for the diagnosis of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in general practice. ABPI measurements on 231 legs of 117 subjects performed in three general practice centers (GPC) were compared with the diagnostic conclusions of a Vascular Laboratory. The optimum(More)
The present study aims to gain insights into the effects of training with a motor imagery (MI)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) on activation patterns of the sensorimotor cortex. We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate long-term training effects across 10 sessions using a 2-class (right hand(More)
OBJECTIVE Assimilating the diagnosis complete spinal cord injury (SCI) takes time and is not easy, as patients know that there is no 'cure' at the present time. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can facilitate daily living. However, inter-subject variability demands measurements with potential user groups and an understanding of how they differ to healthy(More)
Homozygous loss of function (HLOF) variants provide a valuable window on gene function in humans, as well as an inventory of the human genes that are not essential for survival and reproduction. All humans carry at least a few HLOF variants, but the exact number of inactivated genes that can be tolerated is currently unknown—as are the phenotypic effects of(More)
Bringing a Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) out of the lab one of the main problems has to be solved: to shorten the training time. Finding a solution for this problem, the use of a BCI will be open not only for people who have no choice, e.g., persons in a locked-in state, or suffering from a degenerating nerve disease. By reducing the training time to a(More)
In a conventional brain-computer interface (BCI) system, users perform mental tasks that yield specific patterns of brain activity. A pattern recognition system determines which brain activity pattern a user is producing and thereby infers the user's mental task, allowing users to send messages or commands through brain activity alone. Unfortunately,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), including asymptomatic cases and cases unknown to the general practitioner (GP) was estimated in 18,884 men and women, aged 45-74 years, on the list of 18 general practice centres (GPC). METHODS The study population (n = 3171) consisted of a stratified sample of the total(More)