Verônica Trícoli de Souza

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The toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg), as chloride salts, were studied using an hepatic human fetal cell line (WRL-68 cells). From viability curves and the proliferative capacity of the cell in the presence of the metal, three different cell treatments were chosen, (1) 0.5 microM of the metal chloride for 24 h (acute low dose treatment), (2)(More)
Inflammatory mediators, including cytokines, growth factors, and reactive oxygen species, are associated with the pathology of chronic liver disease. In the liver, cytokine and growth factor secretion are usually associated with nonparenchymal cells, particularly Kupffer cells. In the present studies, the effect of 24 and 72 h administration of ethanol (50(More)
The effect of pentoxifylline (PTX), a methylxanthine derivative, on collagen induction and secretion and on the production of mRNA of two fibrogenic cytokines: interleukin-6 and transforming growth factor-beta(1) (IL-6 and TGF-beta(1)) in a rat hepatic stellate cell line (CFSC-2G) exposed to acetaldehyde was studied. CFSC-2G cells were treated with 175(More)
Cadmium (Cd) has been regarded as one of the inflammation-related xenobiotics. Cd has been extensively studied in many cellular systems, but a lot of parameters have been evaluated in different experimental conditions. This study was undertaken to examine the effects of low cadmium concentrations in HepG2 cells in the oxidative stress produced, the(More)
A hepatic human cell line (WRL-68 cells) was employed to investigate the uptake of the toxic heavy metal cadmium. Cd accumulation in WRL-68 cells is a time-, temperature- and concentration-dependent process. A rapid initial phase of uptake was followed by a second slower phase. The transport does not require energy and 55% of Cd transport occurs by(More)
Pretreatment with zinc produces tolerance to several cadmium toxic effects. This study was performed to further elucidate the mechanism of zinc-induced tolerance to cadmium cytotoxicity in a rat hepatic stellate cell line (CFSC-2G). Twenty four hours after seeding, cells were treated with 60 μmol/L ZnCl2 for 24 h. Following zinc pretreatment, cells were(More)
Toxic metals appear to use the transport pathways that exist for biologically essential metals. Calcium uptake in cells occurs through specific membrane channels. Since cadmium inhibits calcium uptake, this study was carried on to elucidate the mechanism of Cd interference with calcium transport using the fetal hepatic cell line WRL-68 as an in vitro model.(More)
Alcohol is undoubtedly, the main toxic agent that people consume by recreation and the abuse is associated with liver damage, mainly by the overproduction of reactive oxygen species and the toxic effects of its first metabolite acetaldehyde. It is known that acetaldehyde targets mitochondria inducing redox imbalance and oxidative stress. Mitochondrial(More)
The molecular mechanism of Cd-induced signal transduction is not well understood. The aims of this study were to determine the system that generates reactive oxygen species in response to Cd that contribute to intracellular signaling on the activation of the STAT3 pathway in HepG2 cells and to address the participation of STAT3 in the production of Hsp70.(More)
Metadoxine (pyridoxine-pyrrolidone carboxylate) has been reported to improve liver function tests in alcoholic patients. In the present work we have investigated the effect of metadoxine on some parameters of cellular damage in hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells in culture treated with ethanol and acetaldehyde. HepG2 and CFSC-2G cells were treated with(More)