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The parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi employs multiple molecular strategies to invade a broad range of nonphagocytic cells. Here we demonstrate that the invasion of human primary umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells overexpressing the B(2) type of bradykinin receptor (CHO-B(2)R) by tissue culture trypomastigotes(More)
The presence of macrophages in the developing or lesioned central nervous system (CNS) led us to study the influence of these cells on neuronal growth. Macrophages were isolated from embryonic rat brain and we observed that factors released in vitro by these cells stimulate neurite growth and regeneration of cultured CNS neurons. This effect was inhibited(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes Chagas' heart disease, invades endothelial cells in vitro by activating the B 2 kinin receptor (B 2 R). Here, we demonstrate that mice infected with trypomastigotes develop potent edema after treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) (or kininase II) inhibitor captopril. Experiments performed with(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP), a M(r) 450,000 cytoadhesive glycoprotein, has been shown to potentiate tumor cell metastasis in mice by a mechanism that involves the hemostatic system of the host. In this study, the potential involvement of TSP in the interaction of human mammary adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in(More)
The harmonious development of the central nervous system depends on the interactions of the neuronal and glial cells. Extracellular matrix elements play important roles in these interactions, especially laminin produced by astrocytes, which has been shown to be a good substrate for neuron growth and axonal guidance. Glioblastomas are the most common(More)
Systemic sporotrichosis is an emerging infection potentially fatal for immunocompromised patients. Adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins is thought to play a crucial role in invasive fungal diseases. Here we report studies of the adhesion of Sporothrix schenckii to the extracellular protein fibronectin (Fn). Both yeast cells and conidia of S. schenckii(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospiral glycolipoprotein (GLP) is a potent and specific Na/K-ATPase inhibitor. Severe pulmonary form of leptospirosis is characterized by edema, inflammation and intra-alveolar hemorrhage having a dismal prognosis. Resolution of edema and inflammation determines the outcome of lung injury. Na/K-ATPase activity is responsible for edema(More)
Intravital microscopy was used to assess the involvement of ExoU, a Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytotoxin with phospholipase A2 activity, in dysfunction of cerebral microcirculation during experimental pneumosepsis. Cortical vessels from mice intratracheally infected with low density of the ExoU-producing PA103 P. aeruginosa strain exhibited increased leukocyte(More)
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