Verónica Otero-Corchón

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Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons have been intensively studied because of their essential role in regulating energy balance and body weight. Many effects of POMC neurons can be attributed to their release of cognate neuropeptides from secretory granules in axon terminals. However, these neurons also synaptically release non-peptide neurotransmitters. The(More)
Stimulation of the dopamine (DA) system disrupts prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response. On the basis of rat studies, it appeared that DA D2 receptors (D2Rs) rather than D1 receptors (D1Rs) regulate PPI, albeit possibly in synergism with D1Rs. To characterize the DA receptor modulation of PPI in another species, we tested DA D1R and D2R(More)
Pulsatile growth hormone (GH) secretion differs between males and females and regulates the sex-specific expression of cytochrome P450s in liver. Sex steroids influence the secretory dynamics of GH, but the neuroendocrine mechanisms have not been conclusively established. Because periventricular hypothalamic somatostatin (SST) expression is greater in males(More)
Ghrelin activates GH release and is implicated in growth and metabolic regulation. The regulation of its biosynthesis has not been well studied. The current investigation was designed to examine some of the factors that may influence ghrelin gene expression in the stomach. Thus, in C57BL/6 mice, ghrelin mRNA was detectable by Northern blots throughout the(More)
Patients and experimental models of temporal lobe epilepsy display loss of somatostatinergic neurons in the dentate gyrus. To determine if loss of the peptide somatostatin contributes to epileptic seizures we examined kainate-evoked seizures and kindling in somatostatin knockout mice. Somatostatin knockout mice were not observed to experience spontaneous(More)
Cell-specific expression of many genes is conveyed by multiple enhancers, with each individual enhancer controlling a particular expression domain. In contrast, multiple enhancers drive similar expression patterns of some genes involved in embryonic development, suggesting regulatory redundancy. Work in Drosophila has indicated that functionally overlapping(More)
Distinct male and female patterns of pituitary GH secretion produce sexually differentiated hepatic gene expression profiles, thereby influencing steroid and xenobiotic metabolism. We used a fully automated system to obtain serial nocturnal blood samples every 15 minutes from cannulated wild-type (WT) and somatostatin knockout (Sst-KO) mice to determine the(More)
Hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons constitute a critical anorexigenic node in the central nervous system (CNS) for maintaining energy balance. These neurons directly affect energy expenditure and feeding behavior by releasing bioactive neuropeptides but are also subject to signals directly related to nutritional state such as the adipokine(More)
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder affecting half a billion people worldwide. Major difficulties in managing obesity are the cessation of continued weight loss in patients after an initial period of responsiveness and rebound to pretreatment weight. It is conceivable that chronic weight gain unrelated to physiological needs induces an allostatic(More)
Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is synthesized predominantly in pituitary corticotrophs, melanotrophs, and arcuate hypothalamic neurons. Corticotroph-derived ACTH mediates basal and stress-induced glucocorticoid secretion, but it is uncertain whether POMC peptides produced in the brain also regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. To address this(More)