Verónica Milesi

Learn More
Calcium and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channels are key actors in cell physiology, both in neuronal and non-neuronal cells and tissues. Through negative feedback between intracellular Ca (2+) and membrane voltage, BK channels provide a damping mechanism for excitatory signals. Molecular modulation of these channels by alternative splicing, auxiliary(More)
Recent molecular-dynamics simulations have suggested that the arginine-rich HIV Tat peptides translocate by destabilizing and inducing transient pores in phospholipid bilayers. In this pathway for peptide translocation, Arg residues play a fundamental role not only in the binding of the peptide to the surface of the membrane, but also in the destabilization(More)
The mechanism whereby extracellular Ca(2+) exerts the endothelium-dependent control of vascular tone is still unclear. In this study, we assessed whether cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC) express a functional extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR) using a variety of techniques. CaSR mRNA was detected using RT-PCR, and CaSR protein was(More)
The electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of Ca(2+) current (I(Ca)) were determined by the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique in smooth muscle cells from human umbilical artery. Using 5 mM extracellular Ca(2+), depolarizing step pulses from -60 to 50 mV from a holding membrane potential of -80 mV evoked an I(Ca) which(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid involved in a complex network of cell signaling. It is well known that this fatty acid can directly modulate several cellular target structures, among them, ion channels. We explored the effects of AA on high conductance Ca2+- and voltage-dependent K+ channel (BKCa) in vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
To test the hypothesis that diabetes can selectively affect the intracellular and extracellular components of the noradrenergic vascular response in rats, we studied changes in blood pressure, in vitro vascular contraction and (45) Ca(2+) uptake in experimental diabetes induced by injection of 60 mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ). One week after induction of(More)
The data presented in this work suggest that in human umbilical artery (HUA) smooth muscle cells, the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is active and working in the reverse mode. This supposition is based on the following results: (i) microfluorimetry in HUA smooth muscle cells in situ showed that a Ca(2+)-free extracellular solution diminished intracellular(More)
The soy-derived isoflavones genistein and daidzein affect the contractile state of different kinds of smooth muscle. We describe acute effects of genistein and daidzein on contractile force and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in in situ smooth muscle of rat aorta. Serotonin (5-HT) (2 μM) or a depolarizing high K+ solution produced the contraction(More)
The effects of capsaicin, the active principle of hot pepper genus Capsicum, were studied on voltage-activated, tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ currents in isolated rat atrial cells using the patch clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration. 0.4 and 4 microM of capsaicin produced a significant tonic block on voltage-activated Na+ current (I(Na)) evoked by a(More)
This work includes results on chronotropic, inotropic and lusitropic changes induced by capsaicin on isolated rat atria. As regards spontaneous frequency, it was stimulated from 10(-9) M up to 7 x 10(-7) M of capsaicin. A simultaneous depression in developed force (F) showed a significant correlation with this positive chronotropic effect up to 7 x 10(-8) M(More)