Verónica I. Marconi

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We present a continuum model for the propagation of cracks and fractures in brittle materials. The components of the strain tensor epsilon are the fundamental variables. The evolution equations are based on a free energy that reduces to that of linear elasticity for small epsilon, and accounts for cracks through energy saturation at large values of epsilon.(More)
Many bacterial species use flagella for self-propulsion in aqueous media. In the soil, which is a complex and structured environment, water is found in microscopic channels where viscosity and water potential depend on the composition of the soil solution and the degree of soil water saturation. Therefore, the motility of soil bacteria might have special(More)
We study both experimentally and theoretically the driven motion of domain walls in extended amorphous magnetic films patterned with a periodic array of asymmetric holes. We find two crossed-ratchet effects of opposite sign that change the preferred sense for domain wall propagation, depending on whether a flat or a kinked wall is moving. By solving(More)
Many self-propelled microorganisms are attracted to surfaces. This makes their dynamics in restricted geometries very different from that observed in the bulk. Swimming along walls is beneficial for directing and sorting cells, but may be detrimental if homogeneous populations are desired, such as in counting microchambers. In this work, we characterize the(More)
The guidance of human sperm cells under confinement in quasi-2D microchambers is investigated using a purely physical method to control their distribution. Transport property measurements and simulations are performed with diluted sperm populations, for which effects of geometrical guidance and concentration are studied in detail. In particular, a trapping(More)
It has been shown that a nanoliter chamber separated by a wall of asymmetric obstacles can lead to an inhomogeneous distribution of self-propelled microorganisms. Although it is well established that this rectification effect arises from the interaction between the swimmers and the noncentrosymmetric pillars, here we demonstrate numerically that its(More)
We study the effect of thermal fluctuations in a fully frustrated Josephson junction array driven by a current I larger than the apparent critical current I(c)(T). We calculate numerically the behavior of the chiral order parameter of Z2 symmetry and the transverse helicity modulus [related to the U(1) symmetry] as a function of temperature. We find that(More)
The formation of string-gels of dipolar colloidal particles is investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The characteristic gelation time consistently increases as the temperature of the system increases; it also increases as the density of the system increases. This latter result suggests that the gel formation is not a simple nucleation process.(More)
We present a continuum model for the propagation of cracks and fractures in brittle materials. The components of the strain tensor ε are the fundamental variables. The evolution equations are based on a free energy that reduces to that of linear elasticity for small ε, and accounts for cracks through energy saturation at large values of ε. We regularize the(More)
A detailed numerical study on the directed motion of ac-driven vortices and antivortices in 2D Josephson junction arrays with an asymmetric periodic pinning potential is reported. dc-voltage rectification shows a strong dependence on vortex density as well as an inversion of the vortex flow direction with ac amplitude for a wide range of vortex density(More)