Venkatraman G. Iyer

Learn More
We investigated the possible effects of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on sleep-wake phases and other associated behaviors controlled by the medial preoptic area, cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Chronic epidural electroencephalographic (EEG) and temporal muscle electromyographic (EMG) electrodes were placed in cycling female rats. After a week of(More)
Transient global ischemia was used to produce a rat model of generalized tonic-clonic epilepsy. Controlled chest compression in ketamine-anesthesized Long-Evans rats produced transient global ischemia by mechanically preventing the heart from pumping blood. Circulation was restored by standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques. With a temporal muscle(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the loop diuretics furosemide, bumetanide and ethacrynic acid, which block the KCC1 potassium-chloride transporter in the kidney loop of Henle and the KCC2 potassium-chloride transporter in neuronal membranes, would prevent sound-triggered seizures in post-ischemic audiogenic seizure-prone rats. The rats(More)
Five of 65 patients referred for electrodiagnosis because of clinical evidence of carpal tunnel syndrome were found to have near normal latency on proximal stimulation of the median nerve, although the distal motor latency was prolonged. In one patient, the proximal latency was actually shorter than the distal latency. The failure of the proximal latency to(More)
Localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN) is a disorder of unknown cause that presents with progressive, predominantly motor weakness in the distribution of a single nerve, with the histological appearance of the "onion bulb" formation. Because of its rarity, the condition is often ignored in the differential diagnosis of mononeuropathy. We report a case of(More)
Fosphenytoin, a water-soluble disodium phosphate ester of phenytoin, is a phenytoin prodrug with similar anticonvulsant properties. In this study, we evaluated its neuroprotective properties in a cardiac arrest-induced global ischemia model. After 12 minute ischemia, Long-Evans hooded rats were resuscitated, given fosphenytoin (30 mg/kg, i.m.) or saline 5(More)
A case of ulnar neuropathy, selectively affecting the deep branch and showing positive palmaris brevis sign, is reported. The palmaris brevis muscle was not only intact, but also showed excessive cocontraction with abductor digiti minimi. Palmaris brevis sign, when present, is useful in clinically localizing the site of the ulnar nerve lesion.
Immediate early genes are expressed following ischemia in many tissues including the brain. Using a chest compression global ischemia model that produced delayed neuronal degeneration in surviving rats, we examined the hippocampal Fos response to ischemia/reperfusion by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Immunostained nuclei were seen in a few(More)
Global ischemia was used to induce a sensitivity to sound-triggered generalized seizures in 24 male Long-Evans rats. All showed a generalized seizure when exposed to a 108 dB bell for 1 min. They were assigned randomly to 3 groups of 8, and received 30 additional sound exposures. The early treatment group was injected with valproate (200 mg/kg i.p) 1 h(More)