Venkatesh Ramesh

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We have developed a PCR assay that is capable of amplifying kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) of Leishmania donovani in a species-specific manner among Old World leishmanias. With Indian strains and isolates of L. donovani the assay was sensitive enough to detect kDNA in an amount equivalent to a single parasite or less. The extreme sensitivity of the assay was(More)
A rapid and accurate method to detect and quantify Leishmania parasite is urgently needed to facilitate early diagnosis of leishmaniasis and monitoring of antileishmania therapy. In this study, real-time assay was applied to estimate parasite load in clinical samples of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) patients. The(More)
BACKGROUND With widespread resistance to antimonials in Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in the Indian subcontinent, Miltefosine (MIL) has been introduced as the first line therapy. Surveillance of MIL susceptibility in natural populations of Leishmania donovani is vital to preserve it and support the VL elimination program. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
BACKGROUND Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL), a sequel to visceral leishamaniasis (VL) in 5-15% cases, constitutes a parasite reservoir important in disease transmission. The precise immunological cause of PKDL outcome remains obscure. However, overlapping counter regulatory responses with elevated IFN-γ and IL-10 are reported. (More)
BACKGROUND It is now known that the disease process of diabetes has effects on various tissues of the body. The following study was done to analyze the effects of diabetes on oral tissues. AIMS To study the morphology and cytomorphometry of the cells obtained in cytologic smears from the buccal mucosa of diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Smears(More)
Our previous studies had shown that the clinicopathological spectrum in leprosy was associated with discrete T cell subsets in circulation, with tuberculoid patients having antigen-induced Th 1, whereas lepromatous leprosy patients with antigen-specific T cell anergy possessed Th 2 cells. The present study shows that infected monocytes from lepromatous but(More)
Cutaneous tuberculosis in children is a major health problem in India. It accounts for about 1.5% of all the cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Scrofuloderma and lupus vulgaris are the two most common forms of tuberculosis. However, the trend in the pattern of cutaneous tuberculosis is changing, as the tuberculid, lichen scrofulosorum, has become more(More)
Simple, cost-effective approach for routine surveillance of parasite susceptibility to antileishmanial drug miltefosine (MIL) is highly desirable for controlling emergence of drug resistance in visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We validated a simple resazurin-based fluorimetric assay using promastigotes to track natural MIL tolerance in Leishmania donovani(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyse the data reported on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in six South-East Asia Region countries from 2009 to 2012 following the revitalisation of the WHO global Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (GASP). METHODS AMR data were generated for 7 antibiotics(More)
The role of the medial preoptic area (mPOA) beta adrenergic receptors in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness (S-W) was investigated in this study. S-W was assessed on the basis of polygraphic recording of EEG, EMG and EOG in free moving rats. Intracerebral microinjection of beta agonist, isoproterenol, into the mPOA produced arousal. The study was also(More)