Venkataseshu K Ganjam

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The 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) enzymes convert corticosterone and cortisol to 11-dehydrocorticosterone and cortisone, and are thought to convey extrinsic specificity to the mineralocorticoid receptor by limiting access of the relatively more abundant glucocorticoids to it. Two different 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11(More)
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) has been identified in the male reproductive tract, but the role of estrogen in the male has not been well characterized. In vivo mutations in ERalpha genes have demonstrated the necessity for ERalpha-mediated action in male fertility. We asked whether both ERbeta messenger RNA and protein were present in the male(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) selectivity for aldosterone is thought to be exerted by enzymes which inactivate competing glucocorticoids before they bind the receptor. Two different 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11 beta-HSD) have been described. 11 beta-HSD-1 is NADP(+)-dependent and has a Km in the micromolar range and bidirectional activity. 11(More)
The 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 enzymes (11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2), modulate glucocorticoid occupation of the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors by interconverting corticosterone and cortisol to the inactive metabolites 11-dehydrocorticosterone and cortisone within the target cells. The NAD(+)-dependent 11-HSD 2 in the(More)
AIMS Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that testosterone increases coronary smooth muscle protein kinase C delta (PKC delta) both in vivo and in vitro and inhibits coronary smooth muscle proliferation by inducing G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest in a PKC delta-dependent manner. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether(More)
There is growing recognition that obesity is common and represents a significant detriment to the health of companion animals in a manner similar to that by which it is affecting the human population. As is the case for other species, obesity appears to promote insulin resistance in horses and it is through this pathophysiological process that many of the(More)
Chronic mineralocorticoid (MC) excess, whether due to elevated plasma aldosterone (ALDO) or deoxycorticosterone (DOC), is associated with a perivascular fibrosis of systemic and coronary arterioles. This remodeling of resistance vessels contributes to the appearance of hypertension. Chronic MC excess is also accompanied by cardiac myocyte necrosis,(More)
Endometrial periglandular fibrosis (EPF) contributes to embryonic and fetal loss in mares. Equine EPF correlates inversely with conception and successful gestation. In the modified Kenney endometrial biopsy classification system, EPF categories I, IIA, IIB, and III correspond to minimal, mild, moderate, and severe fibrosis (+/-inflammation), respectively.(More)
Adult male hamsters were maintained under 14 hours of light per day and randomly assigned to groups that received daily afternoon melatonin (25 micrograms) or vehicle injections. Animals from both groups were killed following 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. By 12 weeks, the melatonin-treated hamsters had significant reductions in the weights of the testes(More)
A surgical technique to cannulate the rete testis of the goat was utilized to examine the effects of rete testis fluid (RTF) deprivation on the enzymatic activity of epididymal 5 alpha-reductase. Kinetic techniques were used to determine whether the regional enzymatic effect of RTF deprivation is to decrease the apparent number of 5 alpha-reductase active(More)