Venkataraman Thanabal

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Sirtuins catalyze NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylation and are critical regulators of transcription, apoptosis, metabolism, and aging. There are seven human sirtuins (SIRT1-7), and SIRT1 has been implicated as a key mediator of the pathways downstream of calorie restriction that have been shown to delay the onset and reduce the incidence of age-related(More)
As part of our effort to inhibit bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis through the recently validated target biotin carboxylase, we employed a unique combination of two emergent lead discovery strategies. We used both de novo fragment-based drug discovery and virtual screening, which employs 3D shape and electrostatic property similarity searching. We screened(More)
High-throughput screening is utilized by pharmaceutical researchers and, increasingly, academic investigators to identify agents that act upon enzymes, receptors, and cellular processes. Screening hits include molecules that specifically bind the target and a greater number of non-specific compounds. It is necessary to 'triage' these hits to identify the(More)
A column trapping system has been incorporated into high performance liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonance-mass spectrometry (HPLC-NMR-MS) to reduce data acquisition time of NMR experiments. The system uses a trapping column to capture analytes after the HPLC column and back flush trapped analyte to the flow cell of the NMR probe for detection. A(More)
A new peptide antagonist of voltage-activated calcium channels was purified from venom of the funnel web spider, Agelenopsis aperta. This 48-amino acid peptide, omega-agatoxin (omega-Aga)-IVB, was found to be a potent (Kd, approximately 3 nM) blocker of P-type calcium channels in rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons but had no activity against T-type, L-type, or(More)
The heme methyl and vinyl alpha-proton signals have been assigned in low-spin ferric cyanide and azide ligated derivatives of the intact tetramer of hemoglobin A, as well as the isolated chains, by reconstituting the proteins with selectively deuterated hemins. For the hemoglobin cyanide tetramer, assignment to individual subunits was effected by forming(More)
The proton homonuclear nuclear Overhauser effect, NOE, in conjunction with paramagnetic-induced dipolar relaxation, is utilized to assign resonances and to probe the molecular and electronic structures of the heme cavity in the low-spin cyanide complex of resting-state bovine lactoperoxidase, LPO-CN. Predominantly primary NOEs were detected in spite of the(More)
Proton and nitrogen-15 sequence-specific nuclear magnetic resonance assignments have been determined for recombinant oxidized flavodoxin from Anacystis nidulans (169 residues, Mr 19,048). Assignments were obtained by using 15N-1H heteronuclear three-dimensional (3D) NMR spectroscopy on a uniformly nitrogen-15 enriched sample of the protein, pH 6.6, at 30(More)
The GAL4 transcript ional activator protein has long been a favorite for the study of transcription in eukaryotic biology. Genetic studies reveal a modular architecture for the protein with different functions associated with each module [1]. A DNA-binding domain of the protein recognizes and binds to a sequence of DNA termed the Upstream Activating(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a linear tridecapeptide with a broad range of central and peripheral pharmacological effects. The C-terminal hexapeptide of NT (NT8-13) has been shown to possess similar properties to NT itself, and in fact, an analogue of NT8-13 (N alpha MeArg8-Lys-Pro-Trp-Tle-Leu13, Tle = tert-leucine) has been reported to possess central activity(More)