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BACKGROUND Food security has been a matter of concern in recent years due to the global food crisis and rising food prices. We aimed to study the level of food security in a densely populated urban area in southern India. METHODS A door-to-door survey of 130 households in an urban area in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu was done and information on food(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence, spatial patterns and clustering in the distribution of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, and factors associated with hookworm infections in a tribal population in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS Cross-sectional study with one-stage cluster sampling of 22 clusters. Demographic and risk factor data and stool(More)
Diarrhoeal diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This longitudinal study aimed to identify controllable environmental drivers of intestinal infections amidst a highly contaminated drinking water supply in urban slums and villages of Vellore, Tamil Nadu in southern India. Three hundred households with children (<5(More)
A health education programme for taeniasis/cysticercosis was implemented and evaluated among schoolchildren and the general community in a rural block in southern India, an area that is endemic for cysticercosis. The baseline survey among 831 participants from three randomly selected villages showed poor knowledge regarding the spread of taeniasis and(More)
The importance of mortality data for assessing the health status of any population and for planning disease control and health promotional interventions is well established. A population-based cohort study was conducted in Kaniyambadi Block, a rural block in North Arcot District in Tamil Nadu, India, with a population of approximately 120,000 people living(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of musculoskeletal disorders and discomfort are seen among brick kiln workers, where heavy physical work is associated with awkward working postures and manual handling of materials, leading to significant morbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted in unorganized brick kiln industries in villages of(More)
INTRODUCTION Hookworm infection is a leading cause of iron deficiency anemia and malnutrition in resource-poor settings. Periodic mass deworming with anthelminthic drugs remains the cornerstone of hookworm control efforts worldwide. Reinfection following treatment occurs, reflecting the human host's inability to acquire immunity following exposure to an(More)
BACKGROUND Porcine cysticercosis is acquired by pigs through consumption of human faeces containing Taenia solium ova and indicates the presence of active transmission of the parasite between pigs and humans. METHODS The prevalence of porcine cysticercosis was assessed by an antigen ELISA and enzyme linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) for antibodies(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe spatial and temporal profiles of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) on different road networks in Vellore district of southern India. METHODS Using the information in the police maintained First Information Reports (FIRs), daily time series of RTI counts were created and temporal characteristics were analysed with respect to the vehicle,(More)
BACKGROUND Acceptance and long-term sustainability of water quality interventions are pivotal to realizing continued health benefits. However, there is limited research attempting to understand the factors that influence compliance to or adoption of such interventions. METHODS Eight focus group discussions with parents of young children--including(More)