Veniamin N. Lapko

Learn More
At least four mRNAs for oat phytochrome A (phyA) are present in etiolated oat tissue. The complete amino acid sequences of two phyA isoforms (A3 and A4) and the N-terminal amino acid sequence of a third isoform (A5) were deduced from cDNA sequencing (Hershey et al., 1985). In the present study, heterogeneity of phyA on a protein level was studied by tryptic(More)
A major component of human nuclear cataracts is water-insoluble, high molecular weight protein. A significant component of this protein is disulfide bonded gamma S-crystallin that can be reduced to monomers by dithiothreitol. Analysis of this reduced gamma S-crystallin showed that deamidation of glutamine and asparagine residues is a principal modification.(More)
Accessible sulfhydryls of cysteine residues are likely sites of reaction in long-lived proteins such as human lens crystallins. Disulfide bonding between cysteines is a major contributor to intermolecular cross-linking and aggregation of crystallins. A recently reported modification of gammaS-crystallins, S-methylation of cysteine residues, can prevent(More)
Bisphosphonates are extremely hydrophilic and structurally similar to many endogenous phosphorylated compounds, making their selective extraction from serum or urine very challenging. Many bisphosphonates lack strong chromophores for sensitive UV or fluorescence detection. We report here the first general approach to enable sensitive and selective(More)
Several post-translational modifications of lysine residues of lens proteins have been implicated in cataractogenesis. In the present study, the molecular weight of an alpha-crystallin isolated from the water-soluble portion of a cataractous human eye lens indicated that it was a modified alphaB-crystallin. Further analysis by mass spectrometry of tryptic(More)
Evidence of betaA2-crystallin expression has been detected in human lenses. The protein, which co-elutes with betaA1/A3 from reversed phase HPLC separation of beta(L)-crystallins, accounts for 1-2% of the lens crystallins. Its molecular mass, M(r) 22 006, is consistent with the cDNA deduced sequence with addition of acetylation at the N-terminal serine(More)
The proteins of the eye lens, which do not turn over throughout life, undergo many modifications, some of which lead to senile cataract. We describe a modification, S-methylation of cysteine, that may serve to protect the lens from detrimental modifications. The modification was detected as a +14 Da peak in electrospray ionization mass spectra of human lens(More)
Phytochrome A (phyA) is a photoreceptor of higher plants which mediates a variety of biochemical and physiological processes in response to red/far-red light. By detailed structural analysis of the peptides of the total tryptic digest of oat phyA, we found that the photoreceptor isolated from red light irradiated seedlings contains only one site of(More)
Derivatization of cysteinyl residues is often used to prevent the formation of disulfide bonds during protein isolation and analysis. The most commonly used reagents are iodoacetic acid and iodoacetamide, which increase the molecular mass of the protein by 58 or 57 Da, respectively, for each derivatized cysteine. A possible side reaction is derivatization(More)
Phytochromes are ubiquitous red/far-red wavelength-sensitive photoreceptors in plants. Oat phytochrome A is a phosphoprotein. Phytochrome A (phyA) possesses two spatially different sites for phosphorylation with cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) [McMichael & Lagarias (1990) Biochemistry 29, 3872-3878]. To assess the modulation of protein conformation by(More)