Venanzio Valenza

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UNLABELLED The role played by the gut in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is still a matter of debate, although animal and human studies suggest that gut-derived endotoxin may be important. We investigated intestinal permeability in patients with NAFLD and evaluated the correlations between this phenomenon and the stage of the disease, the integrity(More)
OBJECTIVES Impaired intestinal permeability (IP) may have a role in the pathogenesis of ascites and in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). The aim of this study was to assess IP in LC patients with respect to healthy controls. METHODS IP was evaluated by the (51)Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid ((51)Cr-EDTA)(More)
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is now the procedure of choice for most patients requiring proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis. The J-shaped pouch, usually 15–20 cm in length, is easiest to construct and has functional outcomes identical to those of the more complex designs. IPAA is a complex procedure, and complications occur frequently. Despite the(More)
Myotonic dystrophy types 1 (DM1) and 2 (DM2) are the most common muscular dystrophies in adulthood. A high prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disordered breathing was documented in DM1; however, there are limited data available regarding DM2. Goals of the study were: (1) to evaluate the prevalence of sleep apnea in a large cohort of(More)
In order to assess the current diagnostic role of the TRH test following the introduction of more sensitive "second generation" TSH assays, we studied a series of 259 outpatients, 237 women and 22 men, mean age 44.7 years (range 12-82), 91 of whom (35%) with untreated simple goiter, 133 (51%) with simple nodular goiter on steady state I-thyroxine treatment,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hyperleptinemia is a common feature in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the role of increased serum leptin levels in the pathogenesis of HD-related anorexia is still controversial. The purpose of the present prospective study was to ascertain whether hyperleptinemia is causally implicated in the pathogenesis of HD-related anorexia.(More)
Severe neonatal cholestasis is a clinical problem requiring a differential diagnosis of intra- (hepatitis) and extrahepatic (biliary atresia) causes, prognosis and therapy being different in the two cases. Eighteen patients of pediatric age underwent US and hepatobiliary scintigraphy. US findings were aspecific in both hepatitis and biliary atresia. In the(More)
OBJECTIVE Oral-pharyngo-esophageal scintigraphy (OPES) proved to be able to demonstrate the pharyngeal residue of the radioactive bolus after deglutition and the presence and amount of tracheobronchial aspiration, and to calculate exactly the transit time of the various swallowing phases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the real objective(More)