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Polyphenols are the most abundant antioxidants in diet. Indeed, fruits, vegetables, beverages (tea, wine, juices), plants, and some herbs are loaded with powerful antioxidant polyphenols. Despite their wide distribution, research on human health benefits truly began in the mid-1990s (Scalbert, A.; Johnson, I. T.; Saltmarsh, M. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2005, 81,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common age-related neurodegenerative diseases and affects millions of people worldwide. Strong evidence supports the role of free radicals, oxidative stress, mitochondrial, and proteasomal dysfunctions underlying neuronal death in PD. Environmental factors, especially pesticides, represent one of the primary(More)
Lipid peroxidation leads to the formation of a number of aldehydes by-products, including acrolein. The most abundant aldehydes are 4-hydroxy-nonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) while acrolein is the most reactive. In Alzheimer's brain, acrolein was found to be elevated in hippocampus and temporal cortex where oxidative stress is high. In late onset(More)
Acrolein is one of the by-products of lipid peroxidation. Due to its high reactivity, it is not only a marker of lipid peroxidation but could also be an initiator of oxidative stress by adducting cellular nucleophilic groups. In brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, levels of acrolein are significantly higher in vulnerable brain region and, on(More)
During studies on the enzymology of DNA replication in mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a topoisomerase like activity was detected for the first time. Crude extracts of mitoplast were found to show enzyme activities which could both catenate and relax supercoiled plasmid DNA. Chromatography of the mitoplast lysate on a phosphocellulose column,(More)
A single dose of the carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (7 mg/kg body weight) to male Wistar rats significantly enhanced the hepatic activity of protein kinase C in the particulate and nuclear fractions. The particulate fraction showed stimulation at 4 and 7 h, while the nuclear activity was increased at 17 h following administration of aflatoxin B1. The enzyme(More)
A 40 S multienzyme complex containing mtDNA polymerase was isolated from mitochondria of S. cerevisiae by density gradient centrifugation and by gel filtration chromatography. Besides DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, primase, 3'-->5' exonuclease and an ATPase activities were found to be associated with it. The presence of some of these enzymes were confirmed(More)
DNA primase from yeast mitochondria was shown to have a molecular weight of 67 kDa by SDS-PAGE and an S value of 5.5. It was shown to have preference for SS mitochondrial DNA especially fragments containing origins of replication, as a template to initiate DNA replication. Further examination of the enzyme showed its possible association with a(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common age related neurodegenerative disease and affects millions of people worldwide. Strong evidence suggests a role for oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunctions in the pathogenesis of PD. Recent epidemiologic and toxicological studies have shown that environmental factors, especially herbicides such as(More)
A 40 S multienzyme complex containing mtDNA polymerase was isolated from mitochondria ofS. cerevisiae by density gradient centrifugation and by gel filtration chromatography. Besides DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, primase, 3′→5′ exonuclease and an ATPase activities were found to be associated with it. The presence of some of these enzymes were confirmed by(More)
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