Vellalore N. Kakkanaiah

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In 204 patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis HLA-A10, B8 and DR2 were more frequently found than in 404 control subjects (p = 0.01); the greatest attributable risk (0.29) was associated with HLA-DR2. The radiographic extent of disease was also associated with HLA-DR2 (p = 0.0001). In 152 patients with smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis, the(More)
Most inflammatory agents activate nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), resulting in induction of genes coding for cytokines, chemokines, and enzymes involved in amplification and perpetuation of inflammation. Hypoestoxide (a bicyclo [9,3,1] pentadecane) is a diterpene from Hypoestes rosea, a tropical shrub in the family Acanthacea, several members of which(More)
A central question in autoimmunity is the mechanism of T cell help for autoantibody production. For responses to exogenous Ag, T-B collaboration is restricted by MHC class II molecules. To determine whether T cell help that leads to autoantibodies in murine SLE is also MHC-restricted, we have constructed bone marrow chimeras with Ig heavy chain (lgh)(More)
Low concentrations of mannose-binding protein (MBP; also known as mannose-binding lectin) are associated with common opsonic defect in immunodeficient children. We compared the concentrations of MBP in the sera of 47 adults with non-human immunodeficiency virus-related recurrent infections (group I) and 50 healthy adult controls. Mean serum MBP(More)
Anti-Sm Abs are specific markers of human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and of murine models of this disease. In humans, anti-Sm Abs are mostly IgG1, and in MRL/lpr mice, IgG2a; both are T-dependent isotypes. Other lpr strains, such as B6/lpr, do not produce anti-Sm Ab spontaneously. The present study was aimed at identifying the cellular expression of(More)
Recent studies have suggested the existence of two mutually exclusive subpopulations of T helper (Th) cells in the murine immune system, called Th1 which produces interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-gamma but not IL-4 and Th2 which secretes IL-4 and IL-5 but not IL-2. Also, functionally, Th1 cells generally activate the macrophages and mediate(More)
lpr, a murine mutation of the Fas apoptosis receptor, causes lymphadenopathy and autoantibody production, with lymphadenopathy primarily due to a population of CD4-CD8-B220+ T cells. Previous in vivo experiments, in which lpr and normal bone marrow cells were coinfused into lpr hosts, have demonstrated that only T cells of lpr origin accumulated abnormally(More)
It has been proposed that the "normal" stimulation of the immune system that occurs from interactions with environmental stimuli, whether infectious or dietary, is necessary for the initiation and/or continuation of autoimmunity. We tested this hypothesis by deriving a group of MRL-lpr mice into a germfree (GF) environment. At 5 mo of age, no differences(More)
lpr and gld mice develop phenotypically indistinguishable systemic autoimmune diseases and marked lymphadenopathy dominated by CD4-CD8- T cells. In vivo chimera experiments have demonstrated that both lpr T and lpr B cells are intrinsically defective. Analogous experiments were conducted using gld mice. Lethally irradiated gld mice were given mixtures of(More)