Velia Chiara Di Maio

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A patient classified as HCV-1a-positive by both LiPA Siemens 2.0 and Abbott RealTime HCV Genotype II was instead found to be infected with HCV-1g, as determined by phylogenetic analysis of NS3 sequences. HCV-1g NS3 sequences available to date naturally harbour the resistance substitution T54S, plus P131S and L135F changes, located in the highly conserved(More)
Because of the extreme genetic variability of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we analyzed the NS5B polymerase genetic variability in circulating HCV genotypes/subtypes and its impact on the genetic barrier for the development of resistance to clinically relevant nucleoside inhibitors (NIs)/nonnucleoside inhibitors (NNIs). The study included 1,145 NS5B polymerase(More)
In-depth phylogeographic analysis can reveal migration patterns relevant for public health planning. Here, as a model, we focused on the provenance, in the current Italian HCV subtype 1a epidemic, of the NS3 resistance-associated variant (RAV) Q80K, known to interfere with the action of NS3/4A protease inhibitor simeprevir. HCV1a migration patterns were(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to evaluate the reliability and clinical utility of NS3 sequencing in hepatitis C virus (HCV) 1-infected patients who were candidates to start a PI-containing regimen. METHODS NS3 protease sequencing was performed by in-house-developed HCV-1 subtype-specific protocols. Phylogenetic analysis was used to test sequencing(More)
Monica Tontodonati1-2, Valeria Cento3, Ennio Polilli4, Cecilia Colabattista1, Raffaella Cascella5, Maria Pina Sciotti6, Dante Di Giammartino7, Francesca Trave1, Velia Chiara Di Maio3, Roberto Monarca8, Francesco Di Candilo9, Roberta Prinapori10, Elena Rastrelli8, Jacopo Vecchiet2, Francesca Ceccherini-Silberstein3, Lamberto Manzoli11, Emiliano Giardina5-12,(More)
BACKGROUND Intracellular HCV-RNA reduction is a proposed mechanism of action of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), alternative to hepatocytes elimination by pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin (PR). We modeled ALT and HCV-RNA kinetics in cirrhotic patients treated with currently-used all-DAA combinations to evaluate their mode of action and cytotoxicity(More)
Resistance-associated variants (RAVs) have been shown to influence treatment response to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and first generation NS3/4A protease inhibitors (PIs) in particular. Interpretation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypic drug resistance remains a challenge, especially in patients who previously failed DAA therapy and need to be(More)
The impact of baseline HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) polymorphisms on response to first-line modern HAART containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) was evaluated. The impact of each RT polymorphism on virological success (VS) was evaluated in 604 HIV-1 subtype B-infected patients starting TDF+FTC-containing HAART. TDF and FTC(More)
Available commercial assays may yield inaccurate hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype assignment in up to 10% of cases. We investigated the cost-effectiveness of re-evaluating HCV genotype by population sequencing, prior to choosing a direct acting antiviral (DAA) regimen. Between March and September 2015, HCV sequence analysis was performed in order to confirm(More)
BACKGROUND Triple therapy with telaprevir/boceprevir + pegylated-interferon+ribavirin can achieve excellent antiviral efficacy, but it can be burdened with resistance development at failure. AIMS To evaluate kinetics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA decay and early resistance development, in order to promptly identify patients at highest risk of failure to(More)