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The aim of this study was to examine the isometric endurance response and the heart rate and blood pressure responses to isometric exercise in two muscle groups in ten young (age 23-29 years) and seven older (age 54-59 years) physically active men with similar estimated forearm and thigh muscle masses. Isometric contractions were held until fatigue using(More)
Before and after a four-year follow-up, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) was determined for 67 municipal employees (initial age about 51 years). The VO2max (ml.kg-1) decreased 6% among the women and increased 8% among the men, the greatest and smallest change occurring for employees doing mental and physical work, respectively. The men's increase was(More)
Every fire fighter needs to wear fire-protective clothing and a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) several times a year while carrying out various fire-fighting and rescue operations in hazardous work environments. The aim of the present study was to quantify the effects of a multilayer turnout suit designed to fulfil European standard EN 469 used(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the cardiorespiratory capacity of Thai male and female blue-collar workers in different age and occupational categories. The maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) of 70 men and 56 women was assessed using a submaximal bicycle-ergometer test supplemented with ventilatory gas analyses. The age of the subjects varied from 16(More)
This study evaluated changes in the physical activity, fitness and body composition of 103 police officers during a 15-year follow-up. The absolute aerobic capacity was similar in 1981 and 1996, muscular performance had declined, and body weight had increased approximately 0.5 kg/year. More than half the subjects (53%) had increased their leisure-time(More)
Ten young (aged 23-30 years) and nine older (aged 54-59 years) healthy men with similar estimated limb muscle volumes performed, in random order, three different types of ergometer exercise tests (one-arm cranking, two-arm cranking, and two-leg cycling) up to the maximal level. Values for work load (WL), peak oxygen consumption (V0(2)), peak heart rate(More)
Several types of filtering (air-purifying) devices, air-line (supplied-air) apparatus, and self-contained breathing apparatus are used at work. The most important parameters of the respiratory protective devices that affect physical work capacity are additional inspiratory and expiratory breathing resistance, dead space, and weight. The main physiological(More)
Traditionally, the estimation of oxygen consumption (VO2) at work using heart rate (HR) has required the determination of individual HR/VO2 calibration curves in a separate exercise test in a laboratory (VO2-TRAD). Recently, a new neural network-, and heart rate variability-based method has been developed (Firstbeat PRO heartbeat analysis software) for the(More)
Wearing an impermeable gas protective suit (Dräger 500 or 600) and a self-contained breathing apparatus (Dräger PA 80; total weight 27 kg (59.5 lb], seven experienced firemen and one mechanic performed simulated repair and rescue tasks in a chemical plant. The subjects' mean (+/- SD) age, height, weight and estimated maximal oxygen consumption were: 36 +/-(More)
The effects of a pressure demand-type self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) (total weight, 15.5 kg) on breathing pattern, gas exchange, and heart rate were studied in 13 firemen. The subjects performed sequential progressive exercise tests on a treadmill both without and with an SCBA. The use of an SCBA consistently limited tidal volume. During(More)