Veikko Louhevaara

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This study evaluated changes in the physical activity, fitness and body composition of 103 police officers during a 15-year follow-up. The absolute aerobic capacity was similar in 1981 and 1996, muscular performance had declined, and body weight had increased approximately 0.5 kg/year. More than half the subjects (53%) had increased their leisure-time(More)
The effects of a pressure demand-type self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) (total weight, 15.5 kg) on breathing pattern, gas exchange, and heart rate were studied in 13 firemen. The subjects performed sequential progressive exercise tests on a treadmill both without and with an SCBA. The use of an SCBA consistently limited tidal volume. During(More)
Ten young (aged 23–30 years) and nine older (aged 54–59 years) healthy men with similar estimated limb muscle volumes performed, in random order, three different types of ergometer exercise tests (one-arm cranking, two-arm cranking, and two-leg cycling) up to the maximal level. Values for work load (WL), peak oxygen consumption $$\left( {\dot(More)
Before and after a four-year follow-up, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) was determined for 67 municipal employees (initial age about 51 years). The VO2max (ml.kg-1) decreased 6% among the women and increased 8% among the men, the greatest and smallest change occurring for employees doing mental and physical work, respectively. The men's increase was(More)
The differences in cardiorespiratory responses were examined during and after intermittent progressive maximal arm-crank and cycle exercise. Arm-crank exercise was performed in a standing position using no torso restraints to maximize the amount of active skeletal muscle mass. Recovery was followed for 16 min. In the tests a variety of ventilatory gas(More)
Every fire fighter needs to wear fire-protective clothing and a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) several times a year while carrying out various fire-fighting and rescue operations in hazardous work environments. The aim of the present study was to quantify the effects of a multilayer turnout suit designed to fulfil European standard EN 469 used(More)
Six healthy men aged 25 to 37 walked on a treadmill at work levels of 21 and 41% of their VO2max for 25 to 30 min wearing gas protective clothing (GPC) consisting of an impermeable suit with a self-contained breathing apparatus (total weight 25 kg) or shorts (control tests, CT) in a temperate environment (ta 24.3 degrees C +/- 1.0 degrees C, rh 30-50%).(More)
The job demands on physical work capacity and the frequency of the firefighting and rescue tasks were rated by 156 professional firefighters (age range, 22 to 54 years) who responded to a questionnaire. Smoke-diving requiring the use of personal protective equipment was considered to demand most aerobic power. The clearing of debris with heavy manual tools,(More)