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Comparisons of the published data on the density D of receptive fields of retinal ganglion cells and on the cortical magnification factor M indicated that M2 is directly proportional to D in primates. Therefore, the human M can be estimated for the principal meridians of the visual field from the density-distribution of retinal ganglion cells and from the(More)
This study shows that photopic contrast sensitivity and resolution can be predicted by means of simple functions derived by using the cortical magnification factor M as a scale factor of mapping from the visual field into the striate cortex. We measured the minimum contrast required for discriminating the direction of movement or orientation of sinusoidal(More)
We recorded whole-scalp magnetoencephalographic (MEG) responses to black-and-white checkerboards to study whether the human cortical responses are quantitatively similar to stimulation of the lower and upper visual field at small, 0-6 degrees, eccentricities. All stimuli evoked strong occipital responses peaking at 50-100 ms (mean 75 ms). The activation was(More)
Responses of macaque lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) cells to stimuli of different incremental intensities and wavelength compositions were studied at different levels of light adaptation from scotopic to low photopic levels. Stimuli were large in comparison with receptive-field size. Human increment thresholds were measured for comparison. The strength of(More)
We studied the temporal acuity of 16 developmentally dyslexic young adults in three perceptual modalities. The control group consisted of 16 age- and IQ-matched normal readers. Two methods were used. In the temporal order judgment (TOJ) method, the stimuli were spatially separate fingertip indentations in the tactile system, tone bursts of different pitches(More)
In a generalized form, the cortical magnification theory of peripheral vision predicts that the thresholds of any visual stimuli are similar across the whole visual field if the cortical stimulus representations calculated by means of the cortical magnification factor are similar independently of eccentricity. Failures of the theory in spatial vision were(More)
The analysis of spatial structure, ie, the encoding of relative positions between pattern elements, was studied in central and eccentric vision. In a two-alternative forced-choice task the observer had to discriminate between two patterns consisting of short line segments. At each trial the two patterns were flashed for 140 msec and the observer indicated(More)
Grating resolution was measured at various locations of the visual field for four grating orientations. As an instance of the oblique effect, vertical and horizontal gratings produced the highest resolution values in the central area. At eccentricities larger than about 20 deg, the oblique effect was replaced by a meridional resolution effect, in which(More)
Prepotentials preceding a neuronal action potential were recorded extracellularly in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of the macaque. Although prepotentials are found less frequently in the macaque than in the cat LGN, their electrical characteristics are similar, suggesting that they represent the arrival of impulses in a retinal afferent, as in the(More)