Vega García-Escudero

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There is mounting evidence showing that mitochondrial damage plays an important role in Alzheimer disease. Increased oxygen species generation and deficient mitochondrial dynamic balance have been suggested to be the reason as well as the consequence of Alzheimer-related pathology. Mitochondrial damage has been related to amyloid-beta or tau pathology or to(More)
BACKGROUND The killer-suicide system linamarase/linamarin (lis/lin) uses the plant gene linamarase (beta-glucosidase) to convert the cyanogenic glucoside substrate, linamarin, into glucose and cyanide. We have studied the bystander effect associated with this new system mediated by the production of the cyanide ion that diffuses freely across membranes. (More)
A continuous normal function of olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG) is to promote axonal regeneration from the olfactory neuroepithelium to the brain, and their neuroregenerative potential in other CNS sites such as the injured spinal cord has been studied for over a decade. However, human OEG are difficult to obtain in large amounts directly from tissues, and(More)
Although human olfactory mucosa derived cells (OMC) have been used in animal models and clinical trials with CNS repair purposes, the exact identity of these cells in culture with respect to their tissue of origin is not fully understood and their neuroregenerative capacity in vitro has not yet been demonstrated. In this study we have compared human OMC(More)
Tau is a cytoskeletal protein present mainly in the neurons of vertebrates. By comparing the sequence of tau molecule among different vertebrates, it was found that the variability of the N-terminal sequence in tau protein is higher than that of the C-terminal region. The N-terminal region is involved mainly in the binding of tau to cellular membranes,(More)
Mitochondrial anomalies have been previously reported in patients' brain and peripheral tissue, suggesting their relevance in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). The present work evaluates mitochondrial function and recycling in human fibroblasts and brain biopsies. Functional studies using patients' skin fibroblasts showed slower mitochondrial membrane(More)
Reversible immortalization holds great potential for primary tissue expansion to develop cell-based therapies as well as for basic research. Human olfactory ensheathing glia (hOEG) are promising candidates for treating spinal cord injury and for studying extrinsic neuroregenerative mechanisms. We used lentivectors with Cre/loxP technology to achieve(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative motor neuron disease which currently has no cure. Research using rodent ALS models transgenic for mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) has implicated that glial-neuronal interactions play a major role in the destruction of motor neurons, but the generality of this mechanism is not clear as SOD1 mutations(More)
Olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG) cells are known to facilitate repair following axotomy of adult neurons, although the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We previously identified plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), proteinase-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1), and thrombomodulin (TM) as candidates to regulate rat OEG-dependent axonal(More)
The understanding of the mechanisms of cell-death execution and the role that they play in different diseases opens new therapeutic strategies. Currently, increasing evidence indicates that autophagy is a frequent cell-death mechanism, so the question arises: Could autophagy stimulation be considered an antitumor therapy? Several autophagy inducers have(More)