Veerle Smits

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Neuronal cytoplasmic and intranuclear aggregates of RNA-binding protein TDP-43 are a hallmark feature of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). ALS and FTLD show a considerable clinical and pathological overlap and occur as both familial and sporadic forms. Though missense(More)
Integration of viral DNA into the host chromosome is an essential step in the life cycle of retroviruses and is facilitated by the viral integrase enzyme. The first generation of integrase inhibitors recently approved or currently in late-stage clinical trials shows great promise for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but virus(More)
The integrase inhibitor raltegravir (RAL) is currently used for the treatment of both treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients. Elvitegravir (EVG) is in late phases of clinical development. Since significant cross-resistance between RAL and EVG is observed, there is a need for second-generation integrase inhibitors (INIs) with a(More)
Raltegravir is the first integrase strand-transfer inhibitor (INSTI) approved for use in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the management of HIV infection. Resistance to antiretrovirals can compromise the efficacy of HAART regimens. Therefore it is important to understand the emergence of resistance to RAL and cross-resistance to other INSTIs(More)
Emergence of resistance to raltegravir reduces its treatment efficacy in HIV-1-infected patients. To delineate the effect of resistance mutations on viral susceptibility to integrase inhibitors, in vitro resistance selections with raltegravir and with MK-2048, an integrase inhibitor with a second-generation-like resistance profile, were performed. Mutation(More)
Peripheral neuropathies are associated with a variety of clinical symptoms ranging from motor and sensory symptoms to autonomic dysfunction. The primary disease causes for peripheral nerve disorders are also very heterogeneous, including genetic causes, inflammation mediated damage and physical trauma. A common theme in these neuropathies is the important(More)
Major advances in antiretroviral (ARV) therapy during the last decade have made HIV-1 infections a chronic, manageable disease. In spite of these significant advancements, ARV drug resistance remains a hurdle for HIV-infected patients who are committed to lifelong treatments. Several commercially marketed and/or laboratory-developed tests (LDT) are(More)
Background Interference of clinical laboratory assays by endogenous & exogenous substances in the blood is well known. To date, there are no clear guidelines on the testing of lipemic or bilirubinemic (icteric) plasma in clinical laboratories. A conservative approach of alerting the physician with re-sampling and/or processing with caution is advised. This(More)
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