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CD4+ CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS), in contrast to those of patients with secondary progressive (SP) MS, show a reduced suppressive function. In this study, we analysed forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) at the single-cell level in MS patients and controls (healthy individuals and patients with(More)
PURPOSE Kirsten ras (K-ras) point mutations are found in 30% to 56% of pulmonary adenocarcinomas by means of highly sensitive techniques. Recently, the Point-EXACCT (point mutation detection using exonuclease amplification coupled capture technique) method was described, which detected one cell with a mutation in 15,000 normal cells. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND Joint destruction is a hallmark of autoantibody-positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), though the severity is highly variable between patients. The processes underlying these interindividual differences are incompletely understood. METHODS We performed a genome-wide association study on the radiological progression rate in 384(More)
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disorder affecting the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). MG is characterized by an impaired signal transmission between the motor neuron and the skeletal muscle cell, caused by auto-antibodies directed against NMJ proteins. The auto-antibodies target the nicotinic(More)
Neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis (M.S.), often provoke changes in the functioning of the endothelial and epithelial brain barriers and give rise to disease-associated alterations of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteome. In the present study, pooled and ultrafiltered CSF of M.S. and non-M.S. patients was digested with trypsin and(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are considered to play a key role as suppressors of immune mediated reactions. The analysis of Treg function in patients with autoimmune, allergic or oncogenic diseases has emerged over the past years. In the present study we describe a CFSE based protocol to measure Treg mediated suppression of CD4(+) T cells.(More)
To determine the role of expanded CD4(+)CD28(null) T cells in multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis pathology, these cells were phenotypically characterized and their Ag reactivity was studied. FACS analysis confirmed that CD4(+)CD28(null) T cells are terminally differentiated effector memory cells. In addition, they express phenotypic markers that(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The long term effects of fingolimod, an oral treatment for relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS), on blood circulating B and T cell subtypes in MS patients are not completely understood. This study describes for the first time the longitudinal effects of fingolimod treatment on B and T cell subtypes. Furthermore,(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the degree of immunosenescence in patients with autoimmune disease. T cell receptor excision circles (TREC) and the percentage of CD4+CD28null T cells were studied as markers of immunosenescence in 175 patients with chronic autoimmune arthritis, other connective tissue autoimmune diseases, multiple sclerosis and(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a conserved subpopulation of lymphocytes that recognize glycolipid antigens in a CD1d context. Upon activation through their semi-invariant T cell receptor, these cells rapidly release large amounts of immunomodulating Th1 and Th2 cytokines. NKT cells have therefore been implicated in immune responses controlling various(More)