Learn More
SETTING Tuberculosis is endemic in south India: sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis is predisposed by HLA-DR2 in south India and few other populations of the world. OBJECTIVE To study HLA-DRB1, DQB1, DQA1 and DPB1 allelic polymorphism in pulmonary tuberculosis patients and endemic controls from south India. DESIGN One hundred and twenty-six, sputum(More)
The heparin-binding hemagglutinin (HBHA) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a surface-expressed adhesin that can affect binding to host cells via a unique, methylated, carboxyl-terminal, lysine-, alanine-, and proline-rich repeat region. It has been implicated in extrapulmonary dissemination of M. tuberculosis from the lung following the initial infection of(More)
Infection of mice with Mycobacterium avium or immunization with a novel PE gene expressed by M. avium (MaPE) showed that a dominant T-cell immune response was elicited. Immunization with an MaPE DNA vaccine protected mice against an aerosol challenge with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, suggesting that mycobacteria express PE antigens with cross-protective(More)
Research on mycobacteria-specific PE_PGRS genes indicates that they code for cell surface proteins that may influence virulence and the infection of host cells by mycobacteria. In the studies presented here, we have expressed the PE_PGRS 33 gene in a non-pathogenic fast-growing Mycobacterium smegmatis strain and demonstrated that it survives better in(More)
Recent preclinical and epidemiologic studies have suggested that certain Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes (in particular, Beijing lineage strains) may be resistant to Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine-induced antituberculosis protective immunity. To investigate the strain specificity of BCG-induced protective responses in a murine model of pulmonary(More)
A powder vaccine intended for aerosol delivery was formulated by spray drying the Ad35-vectored tuberculosis (TB) AERAS-402 vaccine with mannitol-based stabilizers. Thermodynamic properties, water absorption, particle size distribution and morphology of the powders were evaluated. Virus survival during spray drying and storage was determined by medium(More)
Evaluation of expression of 16 PE_PGRS genes present in Mycobacterium tuberculosis under various growth conditions demonstrated constitutive expression of 7 genes, variable expression of 7 genes, and no expression of 2 genes. An inverse expression profile for genes PE_PGRS16 and PE_PGRS26 was observed to occur in macrophages and in mice infected with M.(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), has infected approximately two billion individuals worldwide with approximately 9.2 million new cases and 1.6 million deaths annually. Current efforts are focused on making better BCG priming vaccines designed to induce a comprehensive and balanced immunity followed by booster(s)(More)
BACKGROUND The safety and immunogenicity of a replication deficient adenovirus serotype 35 tuberculosis (TB) vaccine containing gene inserts for Antigens (Ag) 85A, Ag85B and TB10.4 (AERAS-402/AD35.TB-S) was evaluated in previously BCG vaccinated, HIV-infected South African adults with baseline CD4 counts >350 cells/mm(3). METHODS Subjects were randomized(More)
Vaccines to protect against tuberculosis (TB) are urgently needed. We performed a case-control analysis to identify immune correlates of TB disease risk in Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunized infants from the MVA85A efficacy trial. Among 53 TB case infants and 205 matched controls, the frequency of activated HLA-DR(+) CD4(+) T cells associates with(More)