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The effect of an electrically induced peripheral afferent volley upon electrical and magnetic motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from muscles of the upper and lower extremities was studied in 16 healthy volunteers. A standard conditioning-test (C-T) paradigm was employed whereby the test stimulus (transcranial electric or magnetic) was applied at random time(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is widely used both in basic research and in clinical practice. TMS has been utilized in studies of functional organization of speech in healthy volunteers. Navigated TMS (nTMS) allows preoperative mapping of the motor cortex for surgical planning. Recording behavioral responses to nTMS in the speech-related cortical(More)
Resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors carries a high risk for surgical damage to the motor pathways. This surgery is therefore optimal for testing the performance of intraoperative motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring. This report attempts to provide evidence for the accurate representation of patients' pre- and postoperative motor status by(More)
Direct (D) corticospinal tract discharges were recorded epidurally in patients at anesthetic depths suppressing indirect (I) activity and were elicited by two equal transcranial electrical stimuli. The recovery of amplitude of the second D wave (D2) was a function of the interstimulus interval (ISI) and the stimulus duration. For example, with a 100 micros(More)
STUDY AIM To analyse the parallel use of transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) and direct cortical stimulation (DCS) for eliciting muscle motor evoked potentials (MMEPs) in intracranial aneurysm surgery; to correlate permanent or transient TES- and/or DCS-MMEP changes with surgical maneuvers and clinical motor outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS TES and DCS(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS Direct (D) and transynaptic, (i.e. indirect) (I) corticospinal tract (CT) discharges were simultaneously recorded epidurally with muscle motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in patients under different levels of anesthesia. The effects of the one, two or more equal electrical stimuli, applied transcranially or directly to the motor cortex,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiologic markers generated by primary motor and premotor cortex for laryngeal muscles, recorded from laryngeal muscle. METHODS Ten right-handed healthy subjects underwent navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) and 18 patients underwent direct cortical stimulation (DCS) over the left(More)
OBJECTIVE The value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (INM) during intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery remains debated. This historical control study tests the hypothesis that INM monitoring improves neurological outcome. METHODS In 50 patients operated on after September 2000, we monitored somatosensory evoked potentials and(More)
INTRODUCTION This review is primarily based on peer-reviewed scientific publications and on the authors' experience in the field of intraoperative neurophysiology. The purpose is a critical analysis of the role of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (INM) during various neurosurgical procedures, emphasizing the aspects that mainly concern the(More)
OBJECT The authors in this study evaluated muscle motor evoked potentials (MMEPs) elicited by transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) and direct cortical stimulation as a means of monitoring during cerebral aneurysm surgery. The analysis focused on the value and frequencies of any intraoperative changes and their correlation to the postoperative motor(More)