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Resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors carries a high risk for surgical damage to the motor pathways. This surgery is therefore optimal for testing the performance of intraoperative motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring. This report attempts to provide evidence for the accurate representation of patients' pre- and postoperative motor status by(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is widely used both in basic research and in clinical practice. TMS has been utilized in studies of functional organization of speech in healthy volunteers. Navigated TMS (nTMS) allows preoperative mapping of the motor cortex for surgical planning. Recording behavioral responses to nTMS in the speech-related cortical(More)
The effect of an electrically induced peripheral afferent volley upon electrical and magnetic motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from muscles of the upper and lower extremities was studied in 16 healthy volunteers. A standard conditioning-test (C-T) paradigm was employed whereby the test stimulus (transcranial electric or magnetic) was applied at random time(More)
OBJECTIVE The value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (INM) during intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery remains debated. This historical control study tests the hypothesis that INM monitoring improves neurological outcome. METHODS In 50 patients operated on after September 2000, we monitored somatosensory evoked potentials and(More)
Abstract Introduction. This review is primarily based on peer-reviewed scientific publications and on the authors' experience in the field of intraoperative neurophysiology. The purpose is a critical analysis of the role of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (INM) during various neurosurgical procedures, emphasizing the aspects that mainly concern(More)
OBJECTIVE This is a prospective study of the methodology and clinical applications of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) during surgery for intramedullary spinal cord tumors. METHODS Transcranial electrical stimulation was used to activate corticospinal motoneurons, and the traveling waves of the spinal cord were recorded through catheter-electrodes placed(More)
BACKGROUND Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is increasingly used in presurgical brain mapping. Preoperative nTMS results correlate well with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) data in the identification of the primary motor cortex. Repetitive nTMS can also be used for mapping of speech-sensitive cortical areas. OBJECTIVE The current(More)
OBJECT The authors in this study evaluated muscle motor evoked potentials (MMEPs) elicited by transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) and direct cortical stimulation as a means of monitoring during cerebral aneurysm surgery. The analysis focused on the value and frequencies of any intraoperative changes and their correlation to the postoperative motor(More)
Recent advances in technology and the refinement of neurophysiological methodologies are significantly changing intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) of the spinal cord. This review will summarize the latest achievements in the monitoring of the spinal cord during spine and spinal cord surgeries. This overview is based on an extensive review of(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS Direct (D) and transynaptic, (i.e. indirect) (I) corticospinal tract (CT) discharges were simultaneously recorded epidurally with muscle motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in patients under different levels of anesthesia. The effects of the one, two or more equal electrical stimuli, applied transcranially or directly to the motor cortex,(More)