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OBJECTIVES We examined whether the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in routine clinical practice reflected treatment guidelines, which have evolved towards recommending starting therapy at lower CD4 cell counts. METHODS We analysed longitudinal data on 10,820 patients enrolled in the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (UK CHIC) Study, which(More)
BACKGROUND Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been linked to renal impairment, but the extent to which this impairment is reversible is unclear. We aimed to investigate the reversibility of renal decline during TDF therapy. METHODS Cox proportional hazards models assessed factors associated with discontinuing TDF in those with an exposure duration of(More)
One-half of the estimated 2.5 million people who now live with HIV in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region are still diagnosed late. A central question is which clinical scenarios should trigger an HIV test recommendation in order to avoid late presentation. Drawing on the work of the HIV Indicator Diseases across Europe Study (HIDES), new(More)
OBJECTIVES Commonly used measures of engagement in HIV care do not take into account that the frequency of attendance is related to changes in treatment and health status. This study developed a new measure of engagement in care (EIC) incorporating clinical factors. METHODS We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight HIV physicians to identify(More)
The objective of this article is to set the scene for this supplement by presenting and discussing the overall outcomes of the HIV in Europe Copenhagen 2012 Conference and how the HIV in Europe initiative intends to further address challenges and themes raised during the conference.
OBJECTIVE To provide Australian data from a community setting on the use of the Emergency Department by elderly persons. DESIGN The paper describes three studies. Study 1 analyses patient admission patterns, and clinical data taken retrospectively from medical records for 1987. Studies 2 and 3 prospectively survey referral, transport, demographic profiles(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine protease mutations that develop at viral failure for protease inhibitor (PI)-naive patients on a regimen containing the PI atazanavir. METHODS Resistance tests on patients failing atazanavir, conducted as part of routine clinical care in a multicentre observational study, were randomly matched by subtype to resistance tests from(More)
OBJECTIVES HIV testing and counselling (HTC) guidelines support and promote best practice among service providers. Few European countries have national HTC guidelines and most rely on guidance from regional and international bodies. This study examines recommendations in current pan-European and global guidelines regarding test result delivery, post-test(More)