Learn More
The reversible phosphorylation of proteins on serine, thre-onine, and tyrosine residues represents a fundamental strategy used by eukaryotic organisms to regulate a host of biological functions, including DNA replication, cell cycle progression, energy metabolism, and cell growth and differentiation. Levels of cellular protein phosphorylation are modulated(More)
Autophosphorylation of a critical residue in the activation loop of several protein kinases is an essential maturation event required for full enzyme activity. However, the molecular mechanism by which this happens is unknown. We addressed this question for two dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated protein kinases (DYRKs), as they(More)
In Drosophila, specification of embryonic terminal cells is controlled by the Torso receptor tyrosine kinase. Here, we analyze the molecular basis of positive (Y630) and negative (Y918) phosphotyrosine (pY) signaling sites on Torso. We find that the Drosophila homolog of RasGAP associates with pY918 and is a negative effector of Torso signaling. Further, we(More)
Post-translational modification by isoprenylation is a pivotal process for the correct functioning of many signalling proteins. The Drosophila melanogaster cGMP-PDE (cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase) DmPDE5/6 possesses a CaaX-box prenylation signal motif, as do several novel cGMP-PDEs from insect and echinoid species (in CaaX, C is cysteine, a is an(More)
DYRK-family kinases employ an intramolecular mechanism to autophosphorylate a critical tyrosine residue in the activation loop. Once phosphorylated, DYRKs lose tyrosine kinase activity and function as serine/threonine kinases. DYRKs have been characterized in organisms from yeast to human; however, all entities belong to the Unikont supergroup, only one of(More)
The DYRKs (dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinases) are a conserved family of protein kinases that are associated with a number of neurological disorders, but whose biological targets are poorly understood. Drosophila encodes three Dyrks: minibrain/Dyrk1A, DmDyrk2, and DmDyrk3. Here we describe the creation and characterization of a(More)
  • 1