Vaughn Cleghon

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The reversible phosphorylation of proteins on serine, threonine, and tyrosine residues represents a fundamental strategy used by eukaryotic organisms to regulate a host of biological functions, including DNA replication, cell cycle progression, energy metabolism, and cell growth and differentiation. Levels of cellular protein phosphorylation are modulated(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3), a key component of the insulin and wnt signaling pathways, is unusual, as it is constitutively active and is inhibited in response to upstream signals. Kinase activity is thought to be increased by intramolecular phosphorylation of a tyrosine in the activation loop (Y216 in GSK3beta), whose timing and mechanism is(More)
Autophosphorylation of a critical residue in the activation loop of several protein kinases is an essential maturation event required for full enzyme activity. However, the molecular mechanism by which this happens is unknown. We addressed this question for two dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated protein kinases (DYRKs), as they(More)
To elucidate the signal transduction mechanisms used by ligands that induce differentiation and the cessation of cell division, we utilized p13suc1-agarose, a reagent that binds p34cdc2/cdk2. By using this reagent, we identified a 78- to 90-kDa species in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells that is rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine following treatment with the(More)
Specification of cell fates in the nonsegmented terminal regions of developing Drosophila embryos is under the control of a signal transduction pathway mediated by the receptor tyrosine kinase Torso (Tor). Here, we identify tyrosines (Y) 630 and 918 as the major sites of Tor autophosphorylation. We demonstrate that mutation of Y630, a site required for(More)
To identify novel proteins capable of associating with the Raf-1 serine/threonine kinase, we investigated whether Raf-1 could interact with the Src homology 2 (SH2) domains of various signal-transducing molecules. In this report, we demonstrate that Raf-1 associated with the SH2 domain of Fyn (a member of the Src tyrosine kinase family) but not with the SH2(More)
In Drosophila, specification of embryonic terminal cells is controlled by the Torso receptor tyrosine kinase. Here, we analyze the molecular basis of positive (Y630) and negative (Y918) phosphotyrosine (pY) signaling sites on Torso. We find that the Drosophila homolog of RasGAP associates with pY918 and is a negative effector of Torso signaling. Further, we(More)
The DYRKs (dual specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinases) are a conserved family of protein kinases that autophosphorylate a tyrosine residue in their activation loop by an intra-molecular mechanism and phosphorylate exogenous substrates on serine/threonine residues. Little is known about the identity of true substrates for DYRK family members(More)
Dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinases (DYRKs) are an emerging family of protein kinases that have been identified in all eukaryotic organisms examined to date. DYRK family members are involved in regulating key developmental and cellular processes such as neurogenesis, cell proliferation, cytokinesis and cellular differentiation. Two(More)
Post-translational modification by isoprenylation is a pivotal process for the correct functioning of many signalling proteins. The Drosophila melanogaster cGMP-PDE (cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase) DmPDE5/6 possesses a CaaX-box prenylation signal motif, as do several novel cGMP-PDEs from insect and echinoid species (in CaaX, C is cysteine, a is an(More)