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A zebrafish heart can fully regenerate after amputation of up to 20% of its ventricle. During this process, newly formed coronary blood vessels revascularize the regenerating tissue. The formation of coronary blood vessels during zebrafish heart regeneration likely recapitulates embryonic coronary vessel development, which involves the activation and(More)
Neovascularization is crucial to lung morphogenesis; however, factors determining vessel growth and formation are poorly understood. The goal of our study was to develop an allograft model that would include maturation of the distal lung, thereby ultimately allowing us to study alveolar development, including microvascular formation. We transplanted 14-day(More)
The effects of postnatal development on the systolic and diastolic responses to pharmacologic blockade of the slow inward calcium current were investigated in blood-perfused hearts isolated from immature (14-21-day-old) and adult rabbits. Isovolumic left ventricular developed pressure, resting pressure, and maximal rate of pressure development (+dP/dt) at(More)
OBJECTIVE In a prospective phase II Food and Drug Administration trial, robotic mitral valve repairs were performed in 112 patients at 10 centers by using the da Vinci surgical system. The safety of performing valve repairs with computerized telemanipulation was studied. METHODS After institutional review board approval, informed consent was obtained.(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the immunosuppression required, heart-transplant recipients frequently have complications caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV), including pneumonia, esophagitis, gastritis, and a syndrome of fever, hepatitis, and leukopenia. We undertook a controlled trial to evaluate the prophylactic administration of ganciclovir to prevent CMV-induced(More)
Neovascularization is a key regulatory process in fetal growth and development. Although factors promoting growth and development of the pulmonary vasculature have been investigated, nothing is known regarding the molecular mechanisms that may counteract these stimuli. Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide (EMAP) II has recently been identified as an(More)
OBJECTIVE Pleural effusions after the Fontan operation contribute significantly to morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. This study investigates the association between selected preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables and persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of(More)
OBJECTIVE Living-donor lobar lung transplantation offers an alternative for patients with a life expectancy of less than a few months. We report on our intermediate results with respect to recipient survival, complications, pulmonary function, and hemodynamic reserve. METHODS Thirty-eight living-donor lobar lung transplants were performed in 27 adult and(More)
OBJECTIVE Neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome are prone to gastrointestinal complications, including necrotizing enterocolitis, during initiation or advancement of enteral feeds. A feeding protocol was developed to standardize practice across a multidisciplinary team. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a standardized feeding(More)
BACKGROUND Infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in heart-lung transplant recipients. This study was designed to assess the frequency, type, and timing of infection in heart-lung transplant recipients. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 200 episodes of serious infections occurring in 73 heart-lung recipients at Stanford (Calif)(More)