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We have previously shown that sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (sGVS), a means of a selectively modulating vestibular afferent input without affecting other inputs, can cause partial entrainment of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Given that motion sickness causes sweating and pallor, we tested the hypothesis that sGVS also entrains skin(More)
We have previously demonstrated that selective modulation of vestibular inputs, via sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) delivered at 0.5-0.8 Hz, can cause partial entrainment of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Given that we had seen interaction between the dynamic vestibular input and the normal cardiac-locked MSNA rhythm, we tested(More)
We tested the hypothesis that vestibular and cardiac rhythms compete to modulate muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in human subjects. Sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation was applied across the mastoid processes at each subject's cardiac frequency and at ±0.1, ±0.2, ±0.3 and ±0.6 Hz. Cyclic modulation of MSNA was weakest at this central(More)
The most obvious impairments associated with spinal cord injury (SCI) are loss of sensation and motor control. However, many subjects with SCI also develop persistent neuropathic pain below the injury which is often severe, debilitating and refractory to treatment. The underlying mechanisms of persistent neuropathic SCI pain remain poorly understood.(More)
Unexpected pulling and pushing loads exerted by an object held with a precision grip evoke automatic and graded increases in the grip force (normal to the grip surfaces) that prevent escape of the object; unloading elicits a decrease in grip force. Anesthesia of the digital nerves has shown that these grip reactions depend on sensory signals from the(More)
There is controversy as to whether the vestibulosympathetic reflexes demonstrated in experimental animals actually exist in human subjects. While head-down neck flexion and off-vertical axis rotation can increase muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in awake subjects, we recently showed that bipolar galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) does not.(More)
1. The discharge behaviour of fourteen single sympathetic vasoconstrictor efferents was studied using a tungsten microelectrode inserted percutaneously into a motor fascicle of the radial or peroneal nerve in eight awake supine subjects. Units were classified as vasoconstrictor because their firing properties correlated appropriately to changes in cardiac(More)
Modulation of motor unit activation rate is a fundamental process by which the mammalian nervous system encodes muscle force. To identify how rate coding of force may change as a consequence of fatigue, intraneural microstimulation of motor axons was used to elicit twitch and force-frequency responses before and after 2 min of intermittent stimulation(More)
1. Single motor axons innervating human toe extensor muscles were selectively stimulated through a tungsten microelectrode inserted percutaneously into the peroneal nerve. Twitch and tetanic forces were measured from a strain gauge over the proximal phalanx of the toe generating the greatest force. Twitch data were obtained from 19 single motor units in(More)
Firing properties of single sudomotor axons were studied via tungsten microelectrodes inserted percutaneously into cutaneous fascicles of the peroneal nerve in awake subjects. Sweating was induced by radiant heat and measured by changes in skin electrical resistance within the innervation territory on the dorsum of the foot. Eight units were classified as(More)