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Several studies have reported an increasing number of non-CRF01_AE infections in high-risk groups in Thailand suggesting a more complex HIV-1 epidemic. This study assessed the complexity of the HIV epidemic among high-risk clients tested for HIV-1 at the Thai Red Cross Anonymous Clinic (TRCAC) between July 1, 2006 and February 28, 2007. HIV-1 genotypes were(More)
The RV144 trial demonstrated 31% vaccine efficacy at preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection. Antibodies against the HIV-1 envelope variable loops 1 and 2 (Env V1 and V2) correlated inversely with infection risk. We proposed that vaccine-induced immune responses against V1/V2 would have a selective effect against, or sieve, HIV-1(More)
UNLABELLED The RV144 HIV-1 vaccine trial demonstrated partial efficacy of 31% against HIV-1 infection. Studies into possible correlates of protection found that antibodies specific to the V1 and V2 (V1/V2) region of envelope correlated inversely with infection risk and that viruses isolated from trial participants contained genetic signatures of(More)
The multi-region hybridization assay (MHAbce) for genotyping HIV-1 subtypes B, C and circulating recombinant form (CRF01_AE) was evaluated on paired plasma and dried blood spots (DBS) collected from 68 HIV-1 infected individuals in Thailand. CRF01_AE was the predominant subtype identified using plasma samples (51/62) and DBS (24/27). There was no(More)
HIV-1 genetic diversity of recently seroconverting (<12 months) Thai repeated blood donors attending the National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society (NBC, TRCS) from September 2007 until March 2008 was assessed. Ten HIV-1 recent seroconvertors (10/239,134 donations) were identified during the study period. The estimated median time to seroconversion was(More)
Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was stably expressed in CEM-NKr cell, a natural killer (NK) resistant human T-lymphoblastoid cell line, as EGFP-CEM-NKr cells. The cells pulsed with HIV-1 gp120 were then used as target cells for the measurement of antibody dependent cell mediated-cytotoxicity (ADCC) by flow cytometry. Compromised EGFP-CEM-NKr(More)
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