BACKGROUND The rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity in India can be attributed, at least in part, to increasing levels of physical inactivity. However, there has been no nationwide survey in India on physical activity levels involving both the urban and rural areas in whole states of India. The aim of the present study was to assess physical activity… (More)
The aim of the study was to compare plasma concentrations of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) between tuberculosis (TB) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). Two-hour post-dosing concentrations of RMP, INH and PZA were determined in adult TB patients that were studied with (n = 452) and without DM (n = 1460), treated with… (More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of physical activity in epidemiological studies requires tools which are reliable, valid and culturally relevant. We attempted to develop a physical activity questionnaire (PAQ) that would measure physical activity in various domains over a year and which would be valid for use in adults of different age groups with varying levels of… (More)
CONTEXT There is little data correlating dietary fibre (DF) intake and cardiovascular risk in Asian Indians with diabetes. AIM To assess the DF intake and its association with lipid profile (total serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein [LDL] - cholesterol levels) in urban Asian Indians with diabetes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Dietary assessment using… (More)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12986-016-0098-6.].
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Despite the rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in rural India, data on the dietary profile of the rural Indian population in relation to the recommendations for prevention of NCDs are scarce. This study was conducted to assess the dietary intake of a rural south Indian population in relation to the current dietary… (More)
BACKGROUND Lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity have been shown to modify the association between fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene variants and metabolic traits in several populations; however, there are no gene-lifestyle interaction studies, to date, among Asian Indians living in India. In this study, we examined whether dietary… (More)
In India, interruptions to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are due to adverse drug reactions. This study was aimed to assess the association between HAART adherence and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. This prospective study was conducted at a Medicine department in a South Indian tertiary care… (More)