Vasudeva G Iyer

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Fosphenytoin, a water-soluble disodium phosphate ester of phenytoin, is a phenytoin prodrug with similar anticonvulsant properties. In this study, we evaluated its neuroprotective properties in a cardiac arrest-induced global ischemia model. After 12 minute ischemia, Long-Evans hooded rats were resuscitated, given fosphenytoin (30 mg/kg, i.m.) or saline 5(More)
Transient global ischemia was used to produce a rat model of generalized tonic-clonic epilepsy. Controlled chest compression in ketamine-anesthesized Long-Evans rats produced transient global ischemia by mechanically preventing the heart from pumping blood. Circulation was restored by standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques. With a temporal muscle(More)
We investigated the possible effects of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on sleep-wake phases and other associated behaviors controlled by the medial preoptic area, cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Chronic epidural electroencephalographic (EEG) and temporal muscle electromyographic (EMG) electrodes were placed in cycling female rats. After a week of(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the loop diuretics furosemide, bumetanide and ethacrynic acid, which block the KCC1 potassium-chloride transporter in the kidney loop of Henle and the KCC2 potassium-chloride transporter in neuronal membranes, would prevent sound-triggered seizures in post-ischemic audiogenic seizure-prone rats. The rats(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a major consequence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults. In snoring children, spontaneous and respiratory arousals display reciprocal interactions, allowing for development of a new quantitative measure, the sleep pressure score (SPS), which provides intra-polysomnographic estimates of(More)
Localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN) is a disorder of unknown cause that presents with progressive, predominantly motor weakness in the distribution of a single nerve, with the histological appearance of the "onion bulb" formation. Because of its rarity, the condition is often ignored in the differential diagnosis of mononeuropathy. We report a case of(More)
The goal of the present study was to characterize the effects of chest compression-induced global cerebral ischemia on the hippocampal slice preparation. One of the characteristics of rats exposed to such cardiac arrest is a high susceptibility to sound-induced seizures. We tested audiogenic seizures as an in vivo indicator of ischemic cerebral damage and(More)
We describe a patient who presented with dystonia of her small finger secondary to entrapment neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Pre operative electrophysiological studies suggested that the locus of entrapment was located proximal to the medial epicondyle. This was confirmed intraoperatively by the presence of a thickened and prominent arcade of(More)