Vasu D. Appanna

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The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is an essential metabolic network in all oxidative organisms and provides precursors for anabolic processes and reducing factors (NADH and FADH(2)) that drive the generation of energy. Here, we show that this metabolic network is also an integral part of the oxidative defence machinery in living organisms and(More)
Lactate has long been regarded as an end product of anaerobic energy production and its fate in cerebral metabolism has not been precisely delineated. In this report, we demonstrate, for the first time, the ability of a human astrocytic cell line (CCF-STTG1) to consume lactate and to generate ATP via oxidative phosphorylation. (13)C-NMR and HPLC analyses(More)
The fate of all aerobic organisms is dependent on the varying intracellular concentrations of NADH and NADPH. The former is the primary ingredient that fuels ATP production via oxidative phosphorylation, while the latter helps maintain the reductive environment necessary for this process and other cellular activities. In this study we demonstrate a(More)
Aluminum (Al), a known environmental toxicant, has been linked to a variety of pathological conditions such as dialysis dementia, osteomalacia, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. However, its precise role in the pathogenesis of these disorders is not fully understood. Using hepatocytes as a model system, we have probed the impact of this(More)
AIMS To identify the molecular networks in Pseudomonas fluorescens that convey resistance to toxic concentrations of Zn, a common pollutant and hazard to biological systems. METHODS AND RESULTS Pseudomonas fluorescens strain ATCC 13525 was cultured in growth medium with millimolar concentrations of Zn. Enzymatic activities and metabolite levels were(More)
We demonstrate a facile blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) technique to detect two malate-generating enzymes, namely fumarase (FUM), malate synthase (MS) and four oxaloacetate-forming enzymes, namely pyruvate carboxylase (PC), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), citrate lyase (CL) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Malate(More)
Gallium (Ga), an iron (Fe) mimetic promoted an oxidative environment and elicited an antioxidative response in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Ga-stressed P. fluorescens was characterized by higher amounts of oxidized lipids and proteins compared to control cells. The oxidative environment provoked by Ga was nullified by increased synthesis of NADPH. The activity(More)
Although aluminum is known to be toxic to most organisms, its precise biochemical interactions are not fully understood. In the present study, we demonstrate that aluminum promotes the inhibition of aconitase (Acn) activity via the perturbation of the Fe-S cluster in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Despite the significant decrease in citrate isomerization(More)
When cultured in a defined citrate medium supplemented with 1 mM gallium (III) Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 13525 experienced a lag phase of 40 h with no apparent diminution in cellular yield. Following initial uptake of the metal-ligand complex, gallium was secreted in the spent fluid. This lag phase was abolished either by inoculating the medium with(More)
Although zinc (Zn) is a known environmental toxicant, its impact on the cellular energy-producing machinery is not well established. This study investigated the influence of this divalent metal on the oxidative ATP producing network in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Zn-challenged cells contained more oxidized proteins and lipids compared with(More)