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Candidate attenuators were identified that regulate operons responsible for biosynthesis of branched amino acids, histidine, threonine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine in gamma- and alpha-proteobacteria, and in some cases in low-GC Gram-positive bacteria, Thermotogales and Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi. This allowed us not only to describe the evolutionary dynamics(More)
A long recognized problem is the inference of the supertree S that amalgamates a given set {G j } of trees G j , with leaves in each G j being assigned homologous elements. We ground on an approach to find the tree S by minimizing the total cost of mappings α j of individual gene trees G j into S. Traditionally, this cost is defined basically as a sum of(More)
T-box antitermination is one of the main mechanisms of regulation of genes involved in amino acid metabolism in Gram-positive bacteria. T-box regulatory sites consist of conserved sequence and RNA secondary structure elements. Using a set of known T-box sites, we constructed the common pattern and used it to scan available bacterial genomes. New T-boxes(More)
We demonstrate the scarcity of conserved bacterial-type promoters in plastids of Streptophyta and report widely conserved promoters only for genes psaA, psbA, psbB, psbE, rbcL. Among the reasonable explanations are: evolutionary changes of sigma subunit paralogs and phage-type RNA polymerases possibly entailing the loss of corresponding nuclear genes, de(More)
For over a century, Haeckel's Gastraea theory remained a dominant theory to explain the origin of multicellular animals. According to this theory, the animal ancestor was a blastula-like colony of uniform cells that gradually evolved cell differentiation. Today, however, genes that typically control metazoan development, cell differentiation, cell-to-cell(More)
BACKGROUND Formation of alternative structures in mRNA in response to external stimuli, either direct or mediated by proteins or other RNAs, is a major mechanism of regulation of gene expression in bacteria. This mechanism has been studied in detail using experimental and computational approaches in proteobacteria and Firmicutes, but not in other groups of(More)
The first part of the paper briefly overviews the problem of gene and species trees reconciliation with the focus on defining and algorithmic construction of the evolutionary scenario. Basic ideas are discussed for the aspects of mapping definitions, costs of the mapping and evolutionary scenario, imposing time scales on a scenario, incorporating horizontal(More)
A model is proposed primarily for the classical RNA attenuation regulation of gene expression through premature transcription termination. The model is based on the concept of the RNA secondary structure macrostate within the regulatory region between the ribosome and RNA-polymerase, on hypothetical equation describing deceleration of RNA-polymerase by a(More)
The paper provides a short description of the originally developed algorithm for searching of the conservative protein-RNA binding sites. The algorithm is applied to analyze chloroplast genes. The candidate protein-RNA binding sites were detected upstream of atpF, petB, clpP, psaA, psbA, and psbB genes in many chloroplasts of algae and plants. We suggest(More)