Learn More
Dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (MPs) are important for immunological homeostasis in the colon. We found that F4/80(hi)CX3CR1(hi) (CD11b(+)CD103(-)) cells account for 80% of mouse colonic lamina propria MHC-II(hi) cells. Both CD11c(+) and CD11c(-) cells within this population were identified as MPs based on multiple criteria, including an MP(More)
Kupffer cells, the resident liver macrophages have long been considered as mostly scavenger cells responsible for removing particulate material from the portal circulation. However, evidence derived mostly from animal models, indicates that Kupffer cells may be implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases including viral hepatitis,(More)
This article expresses the current view of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) about radiation protection for endoscopic procedures, in particular endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Particular cases, including pregnant women and pediatric patients, are also discussed. This Guideline was developed by a group of(More)
In recent years, nitric oxide (NO), a gas previously considered to be a potentially toxic chemical, has been established as a diffusible universal messenger that mediates cell-cell communication throughout the body. Constitutive and inducible NO production regulate numerous essential functions of the gastrointestinal mucosa, such as maintenance of adequate(More)
A balance between endothelins (ET) and nitric oxide (NO) might interfere with liver haemodynamics and disease progression in various liver diseases. Increased levels of endothelin 1 (ET-1) and nitrites and nitrates (NOx, the end products of NO metabolism) have been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the balance has not been studied. The purpose(More)
Kupffer cells (KC) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) interaction is the initial event leading to hepatic inflammation and fibrosis in many types of liver injury. We studied chemokine secretion by KC activated with LPS and the possible effect of the somatostatin analogue octreotide, in the regulation of this process. KC isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
We report a four-step procedure that optimizes the methodology for isolation of highly purified rat Kupffer cells (KC). We combined the previously reported techniques of enzymatic tissue treatment, density gradient centrifugation, centrifugal elutriation and selective adherence. ED-2 immunophenotyping and non-specific esterase histochemistry were used for(More)
AIMS We studied the production of inflammatory mediators by rat KC and the possible in vitro effect of the somatostatin analogue octreotide. METHODS Primary KC cultures were incubated with LPS added alone or with different concentrations of octreotide. The production of TNFalpha, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-13 was assessed in culture supernatants by ELISA(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence exists that somatostatin and octreotide might have different effects on hepatic haemodynamics. AIM The investigation of the effects of somatostatin and its octapeptide analogue, octreotide, on sinusoidal pressure measured by the wedged hepatic venous pressure in patients with cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis and the correlation with the(More)