Learn More
Brain plasticity refers to changes in the organization of the brain as a result of different environmental stimuli. The aim of this study was to assess the genetic variation of brain plasticity, by comparing intrapair differences between monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins. Plasticity was examined by a paired associative stimulation (PAS) in 32(More)
Identical male twins (four sets aged 10 yr, four sets aged 13 yr, and four sets aged 16 yr) were divided so that one twin underwent strenuos endurance training for 10 wk, while his brother served as a control without training. Intrapair comparisons of the training-period changes in aerobic, anaerobic, and cardiorespiratory responses to maximum work on a(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of physical exertion (treadmill) on mental performance (matching a comparison design). Nine pairs of monozygotic twins (boys aged 11 to 14 yr.) were randomly divided into two groups, one trained and one untrained, while eight boys of the same age served as a control group. The trained group underwent a(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to assess the relative power of genetic and environmental contribution to the variation observed in neuromuscular coordination. METHODS Using the twin model and comparing intrapair differences between monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins, we derived heritability estimates (h2). Forty healthy male twins, 10 MZ and 10(More)
Nine male pairs of monozygotic twins aged 11-14 years, height 147 (7.6) cm and body mass 39.7 (9.6) kg, participated in this study. Twin zygocity was tested using morphological, dermatoglyphic and hematologic methods, and Tanner's five stages were used for the evaluation of biological maturation. One twin from each pair undertook training for 6 months,(More)
Numerous reports of genetic associations with performance- and injury-related phenotypes have been published over the past three decades; these studies have employed primarily the candidate gene approach to identify genes that associate with elite performance or with variation in performance-and/or injury-related traits. Although generally with small effect(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the relative contribution of genes and environment on individual differences in motor control and acquisition of a force control task, in view of recent association studies showing that several candidate polymorphisms may have an effect on them. Forty-four healthy female twins performed brisk isometric abductions with(More)