Vassilios Myrianthopoulos

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The recent elucidation of crystal structures of a bacterial member of the NCS1 family, the Mhp1 benzyl-hydantoin permease from Microbacterium liquefaciens, allowed us to construct and validate a three-dimensional model of the Aspergillus nidulans purine-cytosine/H(+) FcyB symporter. The model consists of 12 transmembrane α-helical, segments (TMSs) and(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase -3 (GSK-3) is a key enzyme involved in numerous physiological events and in major diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and cardiac hypertrophy. Indirubins are bis-indoles that can be generated from various natural sources or chemically synthesized. While rather potent and selective as GSK-3 inhibitors, most indirubins(More)
Pharmacological inhibitors of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) and cyclin-dependent kinases have a promising potential for applications against several neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. Indirubins, a family of bis-indoles isolated from various natural sources, are potent inhibitors of several kinases, including GSK-3. Using the(More)
Previous mutational analysis of Jen1p, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae monocarboxylate/H⁺ symporter of the Major Facilitator Superfamily, has suggested that the consensus sequence ³⁷⁹NXX[S/T]HX[S/T]QD³⁸⁷ in transmembrane segment VII (TMS-VII) is part of the substrate translocation pathway. Here, we rationally design, analyse and show that several novel mutations(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and casein kinases 1 (CK1) are involved in the two key molecular features of Alzheimer's disease, production of amyloid-beta peptides (extracellular plaques) and hyper-phosphorylation of Tau (intracellular neurofibrillary tangles). A series of 2,6,9-trisubstituted purines, structurally related to the CDK inhibitor(More)
Two new peltogynoids, acanilol (1) and acanilol B (2), were isolated from the stem bark of Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile, together with the known triterpene lupenone. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of their spectral data, mainly UV, NMR, and mass spectrometry. The new compounds were tested as kinase inhibitors against CDK1,(More)
Using the crystal structure of the uracil transporter UraA of Escherichia coli, we constructed a 3D model of the Aspergillus nidulans uric acid-xanthine/H(+) symporter UapA, which is a prototype member of the Nucleobase-Ascorbate Transporter (NAT) family. The model consists of 14 transmembrane segments (TMSs) divided into a core and a gate domain, the later(More)
Indirubins known to target mammalian cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3) were tested for their antileishmanial activity. 6-Br-indirubin-3'-oxime (6-BIO), 6-Br-indirubin-3'acetoxime and 6-Br-5methylindirubin-3'oxime (5-Me-6-BIO) were the most potent inhibitors of Leishmania donovani promastigote and amastigote growth (half(More)
A variation of the bromine substitution from 6- to 7-position converts the glycogen synthase kinase-3alpha/beta-(GSK-3-alpha/beta) selective inhibitor 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) to a potent inhibitor of Aurora B and C kinases. The novel indirubin analogue 7-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (7BIO) demonstrated unexpected selectivity against these two kinases(More)
In search of new antiparasitic agents for overcoming the limitations of current leishmaniasis chemotherapy, we have previously shown that 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) and several other 6-substituted analogues of indirubin, a naturally occurring bis-indole present in mollusks and plants, displayed reverse selectivity from the respective mammalian(More)