Vassilios I. Vougioukas

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanisms behind the demyelination that is characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS) are still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to compare immunopathologic findings in demyelinating lesions of three patients with in vivo assessments obtained by quantitative proton MR spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS Between four and(More)
The development of visual hallucinations after loss of vision is known as the Charles Bonnet syndrome. This phenomenon was first described in 1760 by Charles Bonnet and others during their observations of elderly patients with degeneration of the retina or cornea. To date a clear association between visual hallucinations and neurosurgical procedures has not(More)
Most adult patients with pyogenic lumbar or thoracic spondylodiscitis are treated with an external orthosis and antimicrobial therapy for several weeks to months. If surgical intervention is required, a combined anterior and posterior approach for debridement and fusion with autologous bone graft or titanium mesh cage is usually performed. We here report on(More)
Case report.. A 16-year-old male patient who had been treated at the age of 13 months with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt due to obstructive hydrocephalus was presented to our department for a routine follow-up examination. The patient had tolerated well a shunt disconnection in 1990 and the distal part had been removed. Six years later radiological(More)
Background. Despite major advances in endovascular embolization techniques, microsurgical resection remains a reliable and effective treatment modality for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF). However, intraoperative detection of these lesions and identification of feeding arteries and draining veins can be challenging. In a series of 6 patients who were(More)
Neurosurgical interventions during pregnancy represent a special clinical challenge and require a meticulously selected treatment strategy. A thorough understanding of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involving mother and fetus is mandatory. We report our experience with neurosurgical procedures during pregnancy and the puerperium and summarize(More)
Surgical exposure of intrinsic lesions located lateral to the brainstem still represents a challenging task. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of the extracerebral far lateral supracerebellar infratentorial (FLSI) approach for the treatment of gliomas located in the upper brainstem in the pediatric population. Between 1992 and 2002, seven(More)
OBJECT Quantitative and qualitative alterations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) commonly occur in many cancers in humans, including malignant gliomas. The aim of the current study was to evaluate molecular and cellular effects of OSI-774, a novel EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on nine glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell lines. METHODS The(More)
We report our preliminary experience with a minimally invasive image guided percutaneous trans-pedicular fixation technique of the thoracic spine in patients with significant co-morbidity. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of the presented operative technique as well as to detect potential drawbacks. A navigated percutaneous(More)
STUDY DESIGN Analysis of population-based national hospital discharge data collected for the National Inpatient Sample. OBJECTIVE To examine demographics of patients undergoing primary anterior spine fusion (ASF), posterior spine fusion (PSF), and anterior/posterior spine fusion (APSF) of the noncervical spine, assess the incidence of perioperative(More)