Vassiliki Sophianopoulou

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In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, L-proline uptake is mediated by the product of the prnB gene which codes for a member of a family of amino acid transporters found both in pro- and eukaryotes. Regulation of prnB gene expression has previously been studied in great detail at the molecular level. However, no studies have addressed possible(More)
The PrnB protein is a highly specific proline transporter that belongs to an amino acid transporter family conserved in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In this work, we detected and analyzed the cellular localization of PrnB in vivo by means of green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusions. Several prnB-gfp gene fusions, driven by prnB native promoter sequences,(More)
In Aspergillus nidulans, purine uptake is mediated by three transporter proteins: UapA, UapC and AzgA. UapA and UapC have partially overlapping functions, are 62% identical and have nearly identical predicted topologies. Their structural similarity is associated with overlapping substrate specificities; UapA is a high-affinity, high-capacity specific(More)
We have characterized the function of Leaf Permease1 (LPE1), a protein that is necessary for proper chloroplast development in maize, by functional expression in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans. The choice of this ascomycete was dictated by the similarity of its endogenous purine transporters to LPE1 and by particular genetic and physiological(More)
In Aspergillus nidulans a highly specific L-proline transporter is encoded by the prnB gene which is tightly linked to all other genes involved in proline catabolism. In mycelia, the expression of the prn structural genes is finely co-regulated in response to proline induction and nitrogen/carbon catabolite repression. In this study we establish that prnB(More)
Lower eukaryotes such as the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans possess a multiplicity of amino acid transporters or permeases which exhibit different properties with respect to substrate affinity, specificity, capacity and regulation. Regulation of amino acid uptake in response to physiological conditions of(More)
In Aspergillus nidulans, the gene prnB encoding the major proline transport system is one of a cluster of four genes necessary and sufficient for the utilization of proline as sole nitrogen and/or carbon source. The prn cluster has been cloned and the sequence and transcript map of the prnB gene are presented in this paper. The predicted translated sequence(More)
The effects of gamma radiation on the stability and size of mammalian DNA were studied by using thermal transition spectrophotometry and pulsed-field and standard agarose gel electrophoresis. The experiments were performed using deproteinized calf thymus DNA in buffered deaerated aqueous solutions. A dual dose response was observed: a tendency for increased(More)
PURPOSE To investigate possible effects of Tris and phenol on the dynamic properties of gamma-irradiated DNA molecules in addition to their well known scavenging capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Native and fragmented calf thymus DNA molecules were exposed to various doses of 60Co gamma-rays at approximately 4.5Gy/min. Using thermal transition(More)
PrnB, the l-proline transporter of Aspergillus nidulans, belongs to the Amino acid Polyamine Organocation (APC) transporter family conserved in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In silico analysis and limited biochemical evidence suggest that APC transporters comprise 12 transmembrane segments (TMS) connected with relatively short hydrophilic loops (L). However,(More)