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EuroRotaNet, a laboratory network, was established in order to determine the diversity of co-circulating rotavirus strains in Europe over three or more rotavirus seasons from 2006/2007 and currently includes 16 countries. This report highlights the tremendous diversity of rotavirus strains co-circulating in the European population during three years of(More)
Wilson disease (WND) is caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene and exhibits substantial allelic heterogeneity. In this study we report the results of molecular analyses of 20 WND families not described previously. When combined with our prior results, the cohort includes 93 index patients from 69 unrelated families. Twenty different mutations accounted for(More)
The aim of the present study was to obtain data on the outcome of children with persistent vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after cessation of antibiotic prophylaxis. Children with VUR who had been on antibiotic prophylaxis for at least 2 y and were free of urinary tract infections (UTI), had normal voiding patterns, and no hydronephrosis or new kidney scarring,(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of acute otitis media (AOM) in young children. More than 90 immunologically distinct pneumococcal serotypes have been identified, but limited information is available regarding their relative importance in AOM. METHODS We analyzed nine existing datasets comprising pneumococcal isolates from middle ear(More)
To determine the rate of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and identify risk factors associated with HCV transmission we prospectively studied 86 infants born to anti-HCV positive mothers. HCV infection was verified in all mothers before delivery and their HCV viral load was measured at or near delivery using reverse transcription(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The incidence of celiac disease (CD) has increased in recent years due to the recognition of atypical forms and the identification of silent cases through serological screening. Our aim was to detect temporal trends in the presentation of pediatric CD in Greece. METHODS We reviewed the medical files of all children diagnosed with CD(More)
The aim of this study was to identify varicella complications in children and assess the hospitalisation rates in the pre-vaccination era. The present study was conducted in Aghia Sophia Children’s Hospital, which is located in the Athens metropolitan area and serves approximately 650,000 children 0–14 years of age. The records of patients discharged with(More)
BACKGROUND Coeliac disease (CD) is common and requires a permanent strict gluten-free diet (GFD). However, data concerning how the situation is experienced by children are limited. The present study aimed to investigate the compliance with a GFD and the impact of CD and GFD on the lifestyle of patients and their families, together with proposed(More)
Brain abscess is a rare complication of staphylococcal bacteremia in infants. Here we present a case of a premature infant who developed multiple brain abscesses 12 weeks following an episode of inadequately treated Staphylococcus aureus sepsis. The abscess developed in the absence of trauma, prior surgery, cyanotic heart disease, or immune defect. The(More)
The in vivo effect of sodium valproate (SV) on the activity of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-GT) and hepatotoxicity in the mouse liver was studied. Mice were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with SV at doses varying from 50 to 800 mg/kg per day, for six consecutive days (dose-response group) or at a standard dose of 300 mg/g per day for(More)