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EuroRotaNet, a laboratory network, was established in order to determine the diversity of co-circulating rotavirus strains in Europe over three or more rotavirus seasons from 2006/2007 and currently includes 16 countries. This report highlights the tremendous diversity of rotavirus strains co-circulating in the European population during three years of(More)
To determine the rate of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and identify risk factors associated with HCV transmission we prospectively studied 86 infants born to anti-HCV positive mothers. HCV infection was verified in all mothers before delivery and their HCV viral load was measured at or near delivery using reverse transcription(More)
The aim of the present study was to obtain data on the outcome of children with persistent vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after cessation of antibiotic prophylaxis. Children with VUR who had been on antibiotic prophylaxis for at least 2 y and were free of urinary tract infections (UTI), had normal voiding patterns, and no hydronephrosis or new kidney scarring,(More)
The in vivo effect of sodium valproate (SV) on the activity of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-GT) and hepatotoxicity in the mouse liver was studied. Mice were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with SV at doses varying from 50 to 800 mg/kg per day, for six consecutive days (dose-response group) or at a standard dose of 300 mg/g per day for(More)
Group A streptococcus (GAS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Surveillance of emm types has important implications, as it can provide baseline information for possible implementation of vaccination. A total of 1,349 GAS pediatric isolates were collected during a 7-year period (2007 to 2013); emm typing was completed for 1,282(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of a short course of a lipid formulation of amphotericin B (L-AmB) for the treatment of Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis (VL), an open prospective study was conducted. Forty-one children with parasitologically confirmed leishmaniasis received L-AmB, 10 mg/kg daily for 2 days. The comparison groups were 30 children who, in a(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of acute otitis media (AOM) in young children. More than 90 immunologically distinct pneumococcal serotypes have been identified, but limited information is available regarding their relative importance in AOM. METHODS We analyzed nine existing datasets comprising pneumococcal isolates from middle ear(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a commercially available Mycobacterium tuberculosis PCR assay (Amplicor MTB-ROCHE), 2296 respiratory and nonrespiratory specimens from 2296 patients with suspected tuberculosis (TB) were collected prospectively in an 8-year period. Clinical data for each patient were abstracted, and all samples were examined blindly(More)
The highly specific molecular recognition properties of oligonucleotides are combined with the unique optical properties of gold nanoparticles for the development of a dry-reagent strip-type biosensor that enables visual detection of double stranded DNA within minutes. The assay does not require instrumentation and avoids the multiple incubation and washing(More)
BACKGROUND Coeliac disease (CD) is common and requires a permanent strict gluten-free diet (GFD). However, data concerning how the situation is experienced by children are limited. The present study aimed to investigate the compliance with a GFD and the impact of CD and GFD on the lifestyle of patients and their families, together with proposed(More)