Vassiliki N Karavana

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The KLK6 gene is a new member of the human kallikrein gene family and encodes for a secreted protease, human kallikrein 6 (hK6; also known as zyme/protease M/neurosin). No study has as yet reported detailed immunohistochemical localization of hK6 in human tissues. Our purpose was to examine the expression of hK6 in human tissues by immunohistochemistry. We(More)
BACKGROUND The levels of matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 (type IV collagenases), which degrade the extracellular matrix of the basement membrane, were evaluated as prognostic indicators of metastasis in urothelial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Quantitative gel zymography and immunohistochemistry were used and compared with clinical data at(More)
Human kallikreins 6, 10 and 13 (hK6, hK10 and hK13) are expressed by many normal, mainly glandular tissues, including prostatic epithelium. Some kallikreins may function as tumor suppressors or are downregulated during cancer progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of these kallikreins in benign and malignant prostatic(More)
The normal epithelial cell-specific 1 (NES1) gene (official name kallikrein gene 10, KLK10) was recently cloned and encodes for a putative secreted serine protease (human kallikrein 10, hK10). Several studies have confirmed that hK10 shares many similarities with the other kallikrein members at the DNA, mRNA, and protein levels. The enzyme was found in(More)
We have studied the immunohistochemical expression (IE) of eight non-tissue-specific human kallikreins (hKs) (hK5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14) in different normal tissues. The IE was always cytoplasmic, showing a characteristic pattern in some tissues. Comparison of the IE of all hKs studied in the different tissues revealed no major differences,(More)
The human tissue kallikrein 13 gene (KLK13), encoding for hK13 protein, was recently cloned and characterized. Here we describe the immunohistochemical (IHC) localization of hK13 in normal human tissues and compare it with the expression of two other kallikreins, hK6 and hK10. We performed the streptavidin-biotin IHC method on 204 paraffin blocks from(More)
Inspiratory resistive breathing (IRB) is characterized by large negative intrathoracic pressures and was shown to induce pulmonary inflammation in previously healthy rats. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 and -12 are induced by inflammation and mechanical stress in the lung. We hypothesized that IRB induces MMP-9 and -12 in the lung. Anesthetized,(More)
Inspiratory resistive breathing (RB), encountered in obstructive lung diseases, induces lung injury. The soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway is down-regulated in chronic and acute animal models of RB, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury. Our objectives(More)
Combined resistive breathing (CRB) is the hallmark of obstructive airway disease pathophysiology. We have previously shown that severe inspiratory resistive breathing (IRB) induces acute lung injury in healthy rats. The role of expiratory resistance is unknown. The possibility of a load-dependent type of resistive breathing-induced lung injury also remains(More)
Intratracheal administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in animals is a commonly used model of acute lung injury, characterized by increased alveolar-capillary membrane permeability causing protein-rich edema, inflammation, deterioration of lung mechanical function and impaired gas exchange. Technetium-99-m-labeled diethylene-triamine pentaacetatic acid(More)