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BACKGROUND There is little current insight into the natural history of childhood leukaemia or the timing of relevant mutational events. TEL-AML1 gene fusion due to chromosomal translocation is frequently seen in the common form of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We investigated whether this abnormality arises prenatally. METHODS We identified, by(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are among the most widely prescribed medications in clinical practice. The beneficial effects of GCs in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are based on their ability to induce apoptosis, but the underlying transcriptional mechanisms remain poorly defined. Computational modeling has enormous potential in the understanding of biological(More)
Although hypertension is a complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), its true incidence in this disease is unknown. In this study the blood pressure profiles in all children newly diagnosed with ALL were reviewed over an 18-month period. Fourteen (46%) from a total of 30 patients were found to be hypertensive at presentation (n = 8) or during(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities are important for the classification and risk stratification of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, approximately 30% of childhood and 50% of adult patients lack abnormalities with clinical relevance. Here, we describe the use of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) to identify copy number(More)
Using proteins in a therapeutic context often requires engineering to modify functionality and enhance efficacy. We have previously reported that the therapeutic antileukemic protein macromolecule Escherichia coli L-asparaginase is degraded by leukemic lysosomal cysteine proteases. In the present study, we successfully engineered L-asparaginase to resist(More)
AIMS To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of once daily (OD) gentamicin and its effectiveness as part of an OD regimen for the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenia in children with cancer. SUBJECTS 59 children aged 6 months to 16 years (mean (SD) 5.7 (4) years) with febrile neutropenia (neutrophil count < 0.5 x 10(9)/l) after chemotherapy. METHODS(More)
We have previously identified a unique subtype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) associated with a poor outcome and characterized by intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 including the RUNX1 gene (iAMP21). In this study, array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) (n = 10) detected a common region of amplification (CRA) between 33.192(More)
B-cell precursor childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia with ETV6-RUNX1 (TEL-AML1) fusion has an overall good prognosis, but relapses occur, usually after cessation of treatment and occasionally many years later. We have investigated the clonal origins of relapse by comparing the profiles of genomewide copy number alterations at presentation in 21 patients(More)
A questionnaire study was carried out in a group of survivors of childhood cancer to assess their quality of life. The questionnaire was sent to 30 survivors who had completed treatment with megatherapy followed by autologous bone marrow rescue at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London. Of the 28 respondents (93%), in 27 (96%) the quality of life was judged to(More)
A retrospective analysis of children with first relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), treated on the UKALL R2 protocol at four different hospitals, between June 1995 and December 2002 was performed. Of the 150 children 139 (93%) achieved a second complete remission. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) for the whole group was(More)