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Chromosomal abnormalities are important for the classification and risk stratification of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, approximately 30% of childhood and 50% of adult patients lack abnormalities with clinical relevance. Here, we describe the use of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) to identify copy number(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are among the most widely prescribed medications in clinical practice. The beneficial effects of GCs in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are based on their ability to induce apoptosis, but the underlying transcriptional mechanisms remain poorly defined. Computational modeling has enormous potential in the understanding of biological(More)
BACKGROUND There is little current insight into the natural history of childhood leukaemia or the timing of relevant mutational events. TEL-AML1 gene fusion due to chromosomal translocation is frequently seen in the common form of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We investigated whether this abnormality arises prenatally. METHODS We identified, by(More)
A novel class of conserved transcription factors has been identified from the molecular cloning of AF10, the gene involved in the t(10;11)(p12;q23) translocation of acute myeloid leukemias. AF10 encodes a 109-kD protein of 1,027 amino acids and contains an N-terminal zinc finger region and a C-terminal leucine zipper. These structures have been found to be(More)
We have identified and further characterized a Caenorhabditis elegans gene, CEZF, that encodes a protein with substantial homology to the zinc finger and leucine zipper motifs of the human gene products AF10, MLLT6, and BR140. The first part of the zinc finger region of CEZF has strong similarity to the corresponding regions of AF10 (66%) and MLLT6 (64%) at(More)
The duration of symptoms before diagnosis (lag time) was defined for 184 of 236 children diagnosed as having a malignancy at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh for the time period January 1982 until December 1990. The natural logarithm of the lag time was correlated with age, gender, diagnostic group, white cell count in acute leukaemia,(More)
We have previously identified a unique subtype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) associated with a poor outcome and characterized by intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 including the RUNX1 gene (iAMP21). In this study, array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) (n = 10) detected a common region of amplification (CRA) between 33.192(More)
Childhood BCR-ABL1-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) has an unfavorable outcome and shows high frequency of IKZF1 deletions. The prognostic value of IKZF1 deletions was evaluated in 2 cohorts of BCR-ABL1-positive BCP-ALL patients, before tyrosine kinase inhibitors (pre-TKI) and after introduction of imatinib (in the European(More)
Although it has been known for more than 40 years that allogeneic immune responses cure leukaemias after bone marrow transplantation, autologous leukaemia-specific immunity remains controversial and its impact upon survival has not been established. Here we have tested 25 patients with de novo acute leukaemias, while in remission at completion of their(More)
The MLL gene is reciprocally translocated with one of a number of different partner genes in a proportion of human acute leukaemias. The precise mechanism of oncogenic transformation is unclear since most of the partner genes encode unrelated proteins. However, two partner genes, AF10 and AF17 are related through the presence of a cysteine rich region and a(More)