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BACKGROUND There is little current insight into the natural history of childhood leukaemia or the timing of relevant mutational events. TEL-AML1 gene fusion due to chromosomal translocation is frequently seen in the common form of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We investigated whether this abnormality arises prenatally. METHODS We identified, by(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are among the most widely prescribed medications in clinical practice. The beneficial effects of GCs in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are based on their ability to induce apoptosis, but the underlying transcriptional mechanisms remain poorly defined. Computational modeling has enormous potential in the understanding of biological(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities are important for the classification and risk stratification of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, approximately 30% of childhood and 50% of adult patients lack abnormalities with clinical relevance. Here, we describe the use of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) to identify copy number(More)
We have previously identified a unique subtype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) associated with a poor outcome and characterized by intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 including the RUNX1 gene (iAMP21). In this study, array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) (n = 10) detected a common region of amplification (CRA) between 33.192(More)
A questionnaire study was carried out in a group of survivors of childhood cancer to assess their quality of life. The questionnaire was sent to 30 survivors who had completed treatment with megatherapy followed by autologous bone marrow rescue at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London. Of the 28 respondents (93%), in 27 (96%) the quality of life was judged to(More)
Using proteins in a therapeutic context often requires engineering to modify functionality and enhance efficacy. We have previously reported that the therapeutic antileukemic protein macromolecule Escherichia coli L-asparaginase is degraded by leukemic lysosomal cysteine proteases. In the present study, we successfully engineered L-asparaginase to resist(More)
B-cell precursor childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia with ETV6-RUNX1 (TEL-AML1) fusion has an overall good prognosis, but relapses occur, usually after cessation of treatment and occasionally many years later. We have investigated the clonal origins of relapse by comparing the profiles of genomewide copy number alterations at presentation in 21 patients(More)
We report on the outcome of children with Philadelphia positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) treated on the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) trial for childhood ALL, MRC ALL 97, between January 1997 and June 2002. Forty-two (2.3%) patients were Ph+. Nineteen (45%) had <25% blasts in bone marrow (BM) within the first 2 weeks of treatment and were(More)
A retrospective analysis of children with first relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), treated on the UKALL R2 protocol at four different hospitals, between June 1995 and December 2002 was performed. Of the 150 children 139 (93%) achieved a second complete remission. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) for the whole group was(More)
We developed a murine model of CNS disease to obtain a better understanding of the pathogenesis of CNS involvement in pre-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Semiquantitative proteomic discovery-based approaches identified unique expression of asparaginyl endopeptidase (AEP), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), and ras-related C3 botulinum(More)