Keywords: Fractional vector calculus Derivatives and integrals of non-integer orders Fractal media Fractional electrodynamics a b s t r a c t The theory of derivatives and integrals of non-integer order goes back to Leibniz, Liouville, Grunwald, Letnikov and Riemann. The history of fractional vector calculus (FVC) has only 10 years. The main approaches to… (More)
We use the fractional integrals in order to describe dynamical processes in the fractal medium. We consider the ''fractional'' continuous medium model for the fractal media and derive the fractional generalization of the equations of balance of mass density, momentum density, and internal energy. The fractional generalization of Navier–Stokes and Euler… (More)
We consider a one-dimensional chain of coupled linear and nonlinear oscillators with long-range powerwise interaction. The corresponding term in dynamical equations is proportional to 1//n-m/alpha+1. It is shown that the equation of motion in the infrared limit can be transformed into the medium equation with the Riesz fractional derivative of order alpha,… (More)
We consider the description of the fractal media that uses the fractional integrals. We derive the fractional generalizations of the equation that defines the medium mass. We prove that the fractional integrals can be used to describe the media with noninteger mass dimensions. The fractional equation of continuity is considered.
Fractional generalization of an exterior derivative for calculus of variations is defined. The Hamilton and Lagrange approaches are considered. Fractional Hamilton and Euler–Lagrange equations are derived. Fractional equations are obtained by fractional variation of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian that have only integer derivatives.
We consider a fractional generalization of Hamiltonian and gradient systems. We use differential forms and exterior derivatives of fractional orders. We derive fractional generalization of Helmholtz conditions for phase space. Examples of fractional gradient and Hamiltonian systems are considered. The stationary states for these systems are derived.
The notion of fractional dynamics is related to equations of motion with one or a few terms with derivatives of a fractional order. This type of equation appears in the description of chaotic dynamics, wave propagation in fractal media, and field theory. For the fractional linear oscillator the physical meaning of the derivative of order ao2 is dissipation.… (More)
We derive the fractional generalization of the Ginzburg–Landau equation from the variational Euler–Lagrange equation for fractal media. To describe fractal media we use the fractional integrals considered as approximations of integrals on fractals. Some simple solutions of the Ginzburg–Landau equation for fractal media are considered and different forms of… (More)
In this paper we discuss a model of quantum computer in which a state is an operator of density matrix and gates are general quantum operations, not necessarily unitary. A mixed state (operator of density matrix) of n two-level quantum systems is considered as an element of 4 n-dimensional operator Hilbert space (Liouville space). It allows us to use a… (More)
Definitions of fractional derivatives as fractional powers of derivative operators are suggested. The Taylor series and Fourier series are used to define fractional power of self-adjoint derivative operator. The Fourier integrals and Weyl quantization procedure are applied to derive the definition of fractional derivative operator. Fractional generalization… (More)