Vasiliy A. Zolotarev

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The amino acid, L-glutamate, which is abundant in many foodstuffs, is a potent stimulator of gastric vagal afferents. The aim of the study was to evaluate a role of dietary glutamate in neuroendocrine control of gastric secretion of acid, pepsinogen, and fluid. In mongrel dogs with small gastric pouches surgically prepared according to Pavlov (vagally(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary-free L-glutamate (Glu) in the stomach interacts with specific Glu receptors (T1R1/T1R3 and mGluR1-8) expressed on surface epithelial and gastric gland cells. Furthermore, luminal Glu activates the vagal afferents in the stomach through the paracrine cascade including nitric oxide and serotonin (5-HT). AIM To elucidate the role of(More)
Roles of isoforms of constitutive synthase of nitric oxide, neuronal or endothelial (nNOS or eNOS), in control of gastric bicarbonate secretion induced by mild irritation of the gastric mucosa was assessed at the normoacid state or after blockade of gastric acid secretion with omeprazole. In anesthetized rats, the concentration of HCO3- in luminal perfusate(More)
Effects of microelectrophoretic injections of picrotoxin on the neuronal receptive fields were studied in the vibrissae projection zone of S1 area in the cerebral cortex of anaesthetized cats. The sensitivity of neurons to the direction of vibrissae bending was completely abolished after picrotoxin influence. These facts show a great importance of(More)
The G-protein-coupled sweet taste receptor dimer T1R2/T1R3 is expressed in taste bud cells in the oral cavity. In recent years, its involvement in membrane glucose sensing was discovered in endocrine cells regulating glucose homeostasis. We investigated importance of extraorally expressed T1R3 taste receptor protein in age-dependent control of blood glucose(More)
The heterodimeric protein T1R2/T1R3 is a chemoreceptor mediating taste perception of sugars, several amino acids, and non-caloric sweeteners in humans and many other vertebrate species. The T1R2 and T1R3 proteins are expressed not only in the oral cavity, but also in the intestine, pancreas, liver, adipose tissue, and in structures of the central nervous(More)
Dietary L-glutamate (Glu), an amino acid abundant in many foodstuffs in a free form, is able to modulate physiological functions in the stomach, including secretion and motility. Recently, specific receptors for Glu were identified in the apical membrane of chief cells in the lower region of fundic glands and in the somatostatin-secreting D-cell fraction of(More)
The results of the design and testing of circular polarization splitters (polarizers) of the Ka-, X-, and S-bands, intended for operation as constituent parts of a three-band feed of a radio telescope reflector antenna, are presented. In addition, the results of developing a set of polarizers intended for connecting to waveguide outputs of band-measuring(More)