Vasiliki N. Ikonomidou

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Resting-state, low-frequency (<0.08 Hz) fluctuations of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance signal have been shown to exhibit high correlation among functionally connected regions. However, correlations of cerebral blood flow (CBF) fluctuations during the resting state have not been extensively studied. The main challenges of using(More)
A number of recent studies of human brain activity using blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI and EEG have reported the presence of spatiotemporal patterns of correlated activity in the absence of external stimuli. Although these patterns have been hypothesized to contain important information about brain architecture, little is known about their origin(More)
The serotonin transporter-linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene is associated with amygdala response during negative emotion. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this genotype effect on amygdala function is mediated by current serotonin transporter (5-HTT) levels or rather by genetically induced(More)
The quality of MRI time series data, which allows the study of dynamic processes, is often affected by confounding sources of signal fluctuation, including the cardiac and respiratory cycle. An adaptive filter is described, reducing these signal fluctuations as long as they are repetitive and their timing is known. The filter, applied in image domain, does(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is a common and disabling symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies reported that damage of the corticostriatothalamocortical circuit is critical in its occurrence. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between fatigue in MS and regional cortical and subcortical gray matter atrophy. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING(More)
Glial activation in the setting of central nervous system inflammation is a key feature of the multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology. Monitoring glial activation in subjects with MS, therefore, has the potential to be informative with respect to disease activity. The translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) is a promising biomarker of glial activation that can be(More)
Accelerated parallel imaging (PI) techniques have recently been applied to functional imaging experiments of the human brain in order to improve the performance of commonly used single-shot techniques like echo-planar imaging (EPI). Potential benefits of PI-fMRI include the reduction of geometrical distortions due to off-resonance signals, the reduction of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Postmortem studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) indicate that in some white matter lesions (WM-Ls), iron is detectable with T2*-weighted (T2*-w), and its reciprocal R2* relaxation rate, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 7.0 Tesla (7T). This iron appears as a hyperintense rim in R2* images surrounding a hypointense core. We describe(More)
BACKGROUND Neocortical lesions (NLs) largely contribute to the pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS), although their relevance in patients' disability remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence of T(1) hypointense NLs by 3.0-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with MS and examine neocortical lesion association with cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brains of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) characteristically have "black holes" (BHs), hypointense lesions on T1-weighted (T1W) spin-echo (SE) images. Although conventional MR imaging can disclose chronic BHs (CBHs), it cannot stage the degree of their pathologic condition. Tissue-specific imaging (TSI), a recently introduced MR(More)