Vasiliki Markaki

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INTRODUCTION Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) is a common complication of critical illness presenting with muscle weakness and is associated with increased duration of mechanical ventilation and weaning period. No preventive tool and no specific treatment have been proposed so far for CIPNM. Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) has been shown to be(More)
INTRODUCTION Intensive care may prolong the dying process in patients who have been unresponsive to the treatment already provided. Limitation of life-sustaining therapy, by either withholding or withdrawing support, is an ethically acceptable and common worldwide practice. The purpose of the present study was to examine the frequency, types, and rationale(More)
BACKGROUND There has been an increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infections in recent years. The objective of this study was to determine specific risk factors for and outcome of bacteremia due to CRAB isolates among our ICU patients with A. baumannii bacteremia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Among 96 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Our study assessed the short-term effect of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) of the lower extremities on the thenar muscle microcirculation of patients who are critically ill. METHODS Twenty-nine hospital ICU patients (19 men; mean [+/- SD] age, 58 +/- 19 years; mean acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score, 17 +/- 5; mean(More)
Sepsis is associated with abnormalities of muscle tissue oxygenation and of microvascular function. We investigated whether the technique of near-infrared spectroscopy can evaluate such abnormalities in critically ill patients and compared near-infrared spectroscopy-derived indices of critically ill patients with those of healthy volunteers. We studied 41(More)
We investigated whether an expert's consultation provided via telemedicine could improve the quality of care for patients with dysphagia. A trained clinician completed videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) of 17 consecutive patients in a Greek hospital. The videofluoroscopic images were then stored on a website for independent review by an expert(More)
In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), recruitment sessions of high-frequency oscillation (HFO) and tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) with short-lasting recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) may improve oxygenation and enable reduction of subsequent conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) pressures. We determined the effect of adding HFO-TGI sessions to(More)
BACKGROUND Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) are at a high risk of acquiring blood stream infections. We examined whether SOFA score on ICU admission and on the day of bacteremia can predict the occurrence of bacteremia and the outcome of bacteremic ICU patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients admitted to a multidisciplinary ICU for more(More)
PURPOSE This study provided preliminary data on the occurrence and impact of postextubation dysphagia in the largest Greek step-down intensive care unit (ICU) over 2 years. METHOD A retrospective observational cohort study of patients referred for swallowing assessment postextubation was conducted from November, 2011, to August, 2013. RESULTS Of the 357(More)