Vasiliki Karlaftis

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INTRODUCTION Infants and children have a lower incidence of thrombosis compared with adults. Yet, the mechanism of blood clot formation and structure in infants and children, as the end product of coagulation, has not been studied. This study aimed to establish differences in the mechanism of thrombin generation, fibrin clot formation and response to(More)
BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been applied in paediatric cardiac surgery. We have demonstrated that RIPC induces a proteomic response in plasma of healthy volunteers. We tested the hypothesis that RIPC modifies the proteomic response in children undergoing Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. METHODS AND RESULTS Children (n=40) were(More)
INTRODUCTION Developmental hemostasis recognizes the physiologic differences between the hemostatic system of neonates and children and that of adults. As compared with the knowledge of hemostatic system physiology in adults, our understanding in neonates and children remains inadequate. Routine clinical coagulation testing most commonly measures functional(More)
Human blood plasma is a complex biological fluid containing soluble proteins, sugars, hormones, electrolytes, and dissolved gasses. As plasma interacts with a wide array of bodily systems, changes in protein expression, or the presence or absence of specific proteins are regularly used in the clinic as a molecular biomarker tool. A large body of literature(More)
Antithrombin (AT) is a heparin cofactor and a member of the serine protease inhibitor family (serpin). The mature AT molecule is composed of 432 amino acids and it is produced mainly in the liver. Initially, several different AT activities in plasma were reported, leading to the classification of antithrombin in a range from I to IV. It was subsequently(More)
Protein S (PS) is a vitamin K-dependent plasma glycoprotein. Around 60-70% of PS in plasma is noncovalently bound to C4-binding protein (C4BP). Free PS functions as a cofactor that enhances the activity of activated protein C (APC) in the proteolytic degradation of activated factors V and VIII. PS also has a more recently described APC-independent ability(More)
Protein C (PC) is a 62-kDa vitamin K-dependent plasma zymogen which, after activation to serine protease, plays an important role in the physiologic regulation of blood coagulation. Given that PC is one of the major naturally occurring inhibitors of coagulation, acquired or hereditary deficiencies of this protein result in excessive thrombin generation. As(More)