Vasiliki Karlaftis

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BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been applied in paediatric cardiac surgery. We have demonstrated that RIPC induces a proteomic response in plasma of healthy volunteers. We tested the hypothesis that RIPC modifies the proteomic response in children undergoing Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. METHODS AND RESULTS Children (n=40) were(More)
INTRODUCTION Developmental hemostasis recognizes the physiologic differences between the hemostatic system of neonates and children and that of adults. As compared with the knowledge of hemostatic system physiology in adults, our understanding in neonates and children remains inadequate. Routine clinical coagulation testing most commonly measures functional(More)
Human blood plasma is a complex biological fluid containing soluble proteins, sugars, hormones, electrolytes, and dissolved gasses. As plasma interacts with a wide array of bodily systems, changes in protein expression, or the presence or absence of specific proteins are regularly used in the clinic as a molecular biomarker tool. A large body of literature(More)
Antithrombin (AT) is a heparin cofactor and a member of the serine protease inhibitor family (serpin). The mature AT molecule is composed of 432 amino acids and it is produced mainly in the liver. Initially, several different AT activities in plasma were reported, leading to the classification of antithrombin in a range from I to IV. It was subsequently(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can be associated with deleterious clinical effects. However, the impact of CPB on inflammatory, immunological and other homeostatic pathways remains poorly understood. We investigated the impact of CPB on the plasma proteome in children undergoing tetralogy of Fallot repair. METHODS Blood samples were taken from(More)
Protein C (PC) is a 62-kDa vitamin K-dependent plasma zymogen which, after activation to serine protease, plays an important role in the physiologic regulation of blood coagulation. Given that PC is one of the major naturally occurring inhibitors of coagulation, acquired or hereditary deficiencies of this protein result in excessive thrombin generation. As(More)
UNLABELLED Major age-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are the primary causes of morbidity and mortality in Australia and worldwide. In our recent study characterising differences in the plasma proteome between healthy children and adults, a large number of proteins differentially expressed with age were found to be of platelet(More)
BACKGROUND Antithrombin, a hemostatic protein and naturally occurring anticoagulant, is a major thrombin inhibitor. The capacity of antithrombin to inhibit thrombin is known to increase a 1000-fold whilst in the presence of unfractionated heparin. β-antithrombin is an isoform of antithrombin with a high affinity for unfractionated heparin. This study aimed(More)