Vasileios Boulougouris

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BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that the neural correlates of reversal learning are localised to the orbitofrontal cortex whereas studies on the contribution of the medial prefrontal cortex to this capacity have produced equivocal results. This study examines the behavioural effects of selective lesions centred on orbitofrontal, infralimbic and(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT) is strongly implicated in the ability to shift behavior in response to changing stimulus-reward contingencies. However, there is little information on the contribution of different 5-HT receptors in reversal learning. Thus, we investigated the effects of systemic administration of the 5-HT(2A) antagonist M100907 (0,(More)
We have recently demonstrated that systemic administration of 5-HT(2C) and 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonists significantly enhanced and impaired spatial reversal learning, respectively. In this study, the role of 5-HT(2C) and 5-HT(2A) receptor subtypes in the mediation of these opposing effects was further investigated with respect to neuroanatomical(More)
Dopamine is strongly implicated in the ability to shift behavior in response to changing stimulus-reward contingencies. We investigated the effects of systemic administration of the D2/D3 receptor agonist quinpirole (0.1, 0.3 mg/kg), the D2/D3 receptor antagonist raclopride (0.1, 0.3 mg/kg), the selective D3 antagonist nafadotride (0.3, 1.0 mg/kg), and(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of recent enrichment of neurochemical and behavioural data establishing a neuroprotective role for lithium, its primary effects on cognitive functioning remain ambiguous. This study examines chronic lithium effects on spatial working memory and long-term retention. METHODS In three discrete experiments, rats subjected to 30 daily(More)
Trichotillomania is a disorder characterized by repetitive hair pulling, leading to noticeable hair loss and functional impairment. This paper provides an overview of what is known of trichotillomania from several perspectives. We begin by considering historical descriptions of hair pulling that ultimately contributed to the inclusion of trichotillomania as(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions (intrusive thoughts) and compulsions (repetitive ritualistic behaviours) leading to functional impairment. Accumulating evidence links these conditions with underlying dysregulation of fronto-striatal circuitry and monoamine systems. These abnormalities represent key targets for existing and(More)
We have proposed rewarded T-maze alternation as a model of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD): the serotonin agonist m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP) increments persistence therein, while chronic pretreatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI fluoxetine) but not benzodiazepine or desipramine abolishes mCPP effects. However, we noted that(More)
OBJECTIVE The serotonergic system is implicated in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the distinct role of serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes remains unclear. This study investigates the contribution of 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors in the modulation of persistence in the reinforced spatial alternation model of OCD. METHODS(More)
Disturbances in attentional processes are a common feature of several psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and Huntington's disease. The use of animal models has been useful in defining various candidate neural systems thus enabling us to translate basic laboratory science to the clinic and vice-versa. In(More)