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Unstimulated secretions from labial (upper and lower), buccal, lingual and palatal minor glands were measured with a Periotron 6000 model 2 (Proflow) in 99 non-medicated, healthy individuals aged from 17 to 81 yr (49 males and 50 females). The palatal minor glands had the lowest flow rates, buccal and anterior lingual glands the highest, and labial glands(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of city and town centre closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance on violence in terms of accident and emergency (A&E) department and police assault data. METHODS A&E department and local police assault data in three centres in Wales (Cardiff, Swansea, and Rhyl) two years before and two years after the installation of(More)
A case is described of the management of bilateral fractures of mandible as a result of being kicked by a horse, in a 2-year-old child. The fractures were treated without any surgical intervention and the child made a good recovery with good function and appearance. The fractured mandible in children under the age of 5 years provides us with difficult(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate changes in the optical density of secondary alveolar cleft bone grafts obtained from two different donor sites over time and to determine whether one donor site gives a higher recipient bone density than the other. METHODS A prospective study was performed evaluating 40 healthy patients with congenital cleft lip and palate undergoing(More)
The Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principles have stated that from 1996, all students entering medical or dental school must show evidence of non-infectivity and satisfactory completion of immunisation against hepatitis B. This is believed to be the first time that immunisation status has been part of a requirement for admission to university. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the extent to which community violence that results in injury treated in emergency departments appears in official police records and to identify age/gender groups at particular risk of under-recording by the police. METHODS Non-confidential data for patients with assault related injury treated in the emergency departments of two(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance on levels of assault injury and violence detection. DESIGN Intervention versus control study design. SETTING Five town/cities with CCTV surveillance and five, matched control centres without CCTV surveillance in England. INTERVENTION CCTV installation and surveillance.(More)
National assault injury surveillance has identified major seasonal variation, but it is not clear whether assault injury is a seasonal problem in large cities. Relationships between community violence, calendar events and ambient conditions were investigated with reference to prospective, Accident and Emergency (A&E) derived information obtained from people(More)
BACKGROUND Although international sports events attract huge interest, and results can be a barometer of popular national standing, their impact on violent behaviour has not been investigated. METHODS Associations between assault related emergency department (ED) attendances and international sporting events (home and away rugby and soccer matches) in a(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify overall, seasonal, sex and age specific national trends in community violence from an accident and emergency (A&E) department perspective. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective collection of national violence data from a stratified random sample of 33 A&E departments in England and Wales. METHODS Data were analysed for the three years(More)