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Several association studies have been carried out to elucidate the role of genetic variants in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), while studies on the epigenome regulating gene expression changes are helping to understand the development of disease and factors promoting such changes. This review summarizes the different epigenetic aspects involved in cardiac(More)
AIM To detect aneusomic changes with respect to chromosome 11 copy number in esophageal precancers and cancers wherein the generation of cancer-specific phenotypes is believed to be associated with specific chromosomal aneuploidies. METHODS We performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on esophageal tissue paraffin sections to analyze changes in(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the expression of tumor suppressor genes p53, fragile histidine triad gene (FHIT), and an oncogene insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) as prognostic markers in the etiology of esophageal cancer. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed in 39 archival tissue samples of different esophageal pathologies for the three genes.(More)
Elevated homocysteine level is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke, thrombotic and cardiovascular diseases. The enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a crucial role in regulating the levels of homocysteine. A C677T mutation in this gene results in reduced activity. Sixty-nine patients with arterial stroke, six patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of Human papilloma virus (HPV) and its association with promoter methylation of candidate genes, p53 and Aurora A in esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred forty-one esophageal tissue samples from different pathologies were evaluated for HPV infection by PCR, while the promoter methylation status of p53 and Aurora A was(More)
AIM Aurora-A is a serine/threonine protein kinase that functions in centrosome maturation and spindle assembly and is involved in regulating chromosome segregation. It is amplified and overexpressed in several human cancers. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of T91A Aurora-A gene polymorphism associated with aneuploidy in human tumors. (More)
PURPOSE To understand the epidemiology of different upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract related abnormalities through endoscopic data analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective study of three years from January 2009 to December 2011 was conducted with data from endoscopic surveillance of upper GI tract problems, collected from the Gastroenterology(More)
Triplet repeat expansion in 3 untranslated region of myotonic dystrophy protein kinase (DMPK) gene has been implicated as causative in myotonic dystrophy (DM). In cases of DM, high levels of somatic instability have been reported, in which inter-tissue repeat length differences as large as 3000 repeats have been observed. This study highlights the(More)
OBJECTIVE Assess triplet repeat expansion (CTG)n at the 'dystrophia-myotonica protein kinase' (DMPK) locus in muscular myopathies to elucidate its role in myopathic symptoms and enable genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in families. METHODS AND RESULTS Individuals with symptoms of myopathy, hypotonia and controls selected randomly from the(More)
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