Vasanthi Ramachandran

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Beta-lactams, in combination with beta-lactamase inhibitors, are reported to have activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria growing in broth, as well as inside the human macrophage. We tested representative beta-lactams belonging to 3 different classes for activity against replicating M. tuberculosis in broth and nonreplicating M. tuberculosis(More)
A novel pyrazolopyridone class of inhibitors was identified from whole cell screening against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). The series exhibits excellent bactericidality in vitro, resulting in a 4 log reduction in colony forming units following compound exposure. The significant modulation of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against a Mtb strain(More)
The approval of bedaquiline to treat tuberculosis has validated adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase as an attractive target to kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Herein, we report the discovery of two diverse lead series imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine ethers (IPE) and squaramides (SQA) as inhibitors of mycobacterial ATP synthesis. Through medicinal chemistry(More)
Diarylthiazole (DAT), a hit from diversity screening, was found to have potent antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In a systematic medicinal chemistry exploration, we demonstrated chemical opportunities to optimize the potency and physicochemical properties. The effort led to more than 10 compounds with submicromolar MICs(More)
We report 1,4-azaindoles as a new inhibitor class that kills Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro and demonstrates efficacy in mouse tuberculosis models. The series emerged from scaffold morphing efforts and was demonstrated to noncovalently inhibit decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose2'-epimerase (DprE1). With "drug-like" properties and no expectation of(More)
New therapeutic strategies against multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis are urgently required to combat the global tuberculosis (TB) threat. Toward this end, we previously reported the identification of 1,4-azaindoles, a promising class of compounds with potent antitubercular activity through noncovalent(More)
BACKGROUND A prerequisite for a successful design and discovery of an antibacterial drug is the identification of essential targets as well as potent inhibitors that adversely affect the survival of bacteria. In order to understand how intracellular perturbations occur due to inhibition of essential metabolic pathways, we have built, through the use of(More)
A cellular activity-based screen on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv using a focused library from the AstraZeneca corporate collection led to the identification of 2-phenylindoles and arylsulphonamides, novel antimycobacterial scaffolds. Both the series were bactericidal in vitro and in an intracellular macrophage infection model, active against drug(More)
A major obstacle in the process of discovery of drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis is its extremely slow growth rate and long generation time (∼20 to 24 h). Consequently, determination of MICs and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of potential drug candidates using current methods requires 7 days (resazurin-based MIC assay [REMA]) and 1 month(More)
Pantothenate kinase (PanK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of pantothenate, the first committed and rate-limiting step toward coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. In our earlier reports, we had established that the type I isoform encoded by the coaA gene is an essential pantothenate kinase in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and this vital information was then exploited(More)